Competitive Exams: Medical Science MCQs (Practice-Test 71 of 135)

  1. What is the best and most reliable method of contraception for a 20 year old newly married lady student wanting to delay pregnancy for two to three years?

    1. Copper T 200

    2. Oral pill

    3. Condom

    4. Vaginal sponge

  2. Consider the following statements: The Indian Factories Act provides for

    1. Disablement benefit

    2. funeral benefit

    3. Safety Officer for more than 1000 workers

    4. Prohibition of employing children below 14 years of age

    Which of these statements is/are correct?

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 4 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3

    • Assertion (A): Psoas major and Iliacus are the chief extensors of the Hip Joint.
    • Reason (R): Psoas major and Iliacus are inserted into the lesser Trochanter of femur.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Inflammation of diaphragmatic pleura causes pain referred to the shoulder tip.
    • Reason (R): Diaphragmatic pleura and the skin over the shoulder tip are supplied by the same spinal segments.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The frontal eyefield is situated caudally in the middle frontal gyrus.
    • Reason (R): This is affected when the anterior cerebral artery is damaged or blocked.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Ovarian metastasis-Krukenberg tumor result from breast and gastro-intestinal primaries.
    • Reason (R): The ostium created by the rupture of the ripe follicle of the ovary is vulnerable to implantation of exfoliated tumor cells.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The healing of intracapsular fracture or neck femur carries a poor prognosis.
    • Reason (R): The major source of blood supply to femoral head is intraosseous and through retinacular arteries.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Pacinian corpuscles are easily adopted to continuous application of pressure.
    • Reason (R): Lateral displacement of connective tissue lamellas lessen the pressure on the nerve ending.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): In the control of an epidemic of poliomyelitis, oral Polio Vaccine is more effective than Parenteral Polio Vaccine.
    • Reason (R): Injections are to be avoided during epidemic times as they are likely to precipitate paralysis.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Granulomas of secondary tuberculosis most often occur in the apex of the lungs.
    • Reason (R): Secondary tuberculosis is caused by reactivation of the primary lesion.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): For surveillance purpose, mortality data is not a useful indicator in diseases with low fatality.
    • Reason (R): Less number of deaths or no deaths in such diseases do not reflect the true morbidity situation.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Case control study is suitable for the analytical study of rare diseases.
    • Reason (R): In case control study, the cause-effect association is not studied.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Prinzmetals angina causes ST-segment elevation in ECG.
    • Reason (R): Plaque rupture with propagated occlusive thrombus cause Prinzmetals angina.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Bovine albumin, a major constituent of cows milk, has been implicated in triggering Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
    • Reason (R): Bovine albumin may cross neonatal gut and raise antibodies with close homology to βchain of HLA Class II antigens and a heat shock protein expressed by β cells and thus cause damage to β cells.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Kidneys from cirrhotic patients with hepatorenal syndrome cannot be used from renal transplantation.
    • Reason (R): The kidneys are structurally normal but have altered renal hemodynamics.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true