Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 11 of 90)

  1. According to Hume, the movement from ‘is’ to ‘ought’ in ethical reasoning is

    1. impossible

    2. a case of fallacious reasoning

    3. something that needs to be observed, explained and justified

    4. something that can never be explained or justified

  2. According to GE Moore, Naturalistic fallacy is committed by

    1. Kant and J S Mill

    2. W D Ross and Kant

    3. C L Stevenson, W D Ross and Kent

    4. J S Mill, W D Ross and C. L.

    Stevenson

  3. Consider the following statements regarding W D Ross's conception of ‘Right’

    1. It is irreducible to pleasure

    2. It is irreducible to utility

    3. It is unique

    4. It is definable and describable

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 4

  4. ‘Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure.’ Bentham, in this proposition advocates

    1. Ethical hedonism

    2. Psychological hedonism

    3. Utilitarianism

    4. Intuitionism

  5. ‘Each is to count for one, and no one for more than one’ This doctrine is propounded by

    1. Henry Sidgwick

    2. Moritz Schlick

    3. John Stuart Mill

    4. Jeremy Bentham

  6. Bentham advocates the greatest happiness principle:

    1. only as principle of morals

    2. only as principle of legislation

    3. as principle of both morals and legislation

    4. neither as principle of morals nor as principle of legislation

  7. According to John Stuart Mill intellectual pleasure is qualitatively superior to pleasure of sense because

    1. It pertains to higher faculty

    2. It is difficult to obtain

    3. It requires long and sustained cultivation

    4. It is preferred by those who have experience of both kinds of pleasure

  8. Who among the following authors defines utility by referring to the interest of a man as a progressive being?

    1. John Stuart Mill

    2. James Mill

    3. Jeremy Bentham

    4. Henry Sidgwick

  9. In Kantian ethics, ‘an objective principle of action’ is called

    1. A maxim

    2. a rule

    3. a practical

    4. an imperative

  10. As per Kantian ethics, saving the life of person at the risk of his own life is

    1. Determinate duty

    2. indeterminate duty

    3. divine duty

    4. human obligation

  11. The formula of the end-in-itself in Kantian ethics enjoins us to treat a person

    1. Always only as an end

    2. sometimes as an end

    3. never simply as a means

    4. always as a means

  12. According to Kant, a person becomes aware of the freedom of his will because

    1. it is an a-priori condition of the experience of obligation

    2. he has empirical experience of it

    3. It is an a-priori condition of experience of senses

    4. It can be demonstrated by science

  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Philosopher) List-II (Saying)
    1. M K Gandhi

    2. G. E. Moore

    3. Plato

    4. David Hume

    1. Reason is handmaid of passion

    2. A good philosopher is a good man

    3. The value of the whole may be different from the sum of the value of the parts

    4. Freedom is an end

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
  14. That ethical terms can be translated into non-ethical terms without a change of meaning is held by

    1. naturalism

    2. non-naturalism

    3. cognitivism

    4. non-cognitivism

  15. Which one of the following views is NOT held by R M Hare?

    1. Moral judgements are supervenient in nature

    2. Moral judgements are universalisable

    3. Moral judgements entail imperatives

    4. Moral judgements are true or false