Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 12 of 90)

  1. According to A. J. Ayer, ethical judgements are

    1. A-priori statements

    2. empirical statements

    3. assertive statements

    4. pseudo-statements

  2. According to C L Stevenson, moral disagreement generally involve

    1. disagreement in belief only

    2. disagreement in attitude only

    3. disagreement both in belief and in altitude

    4. disagreement neither in belief nor in altitude

  3. The view, ‘Ethical terms do not serve only to express feeling. They are calculated also to arouse feeling, and so to stimulate action’ is held by

    1. A. J. Ayer

    2. R. Carnap

    3. B. Russell

    4. Phillippa Foot

  4. Five causes of action, according to Bhagvadgita include

    1. Adhisthana, Karta, Karana, Cesta, Daiva

    2. Manas, Karta, Karana, Cesta, Daiva

    3. Adhisthana, Karta, Karana, Cesta, Manas

    4. Adhisthana, Karta, Karana, Manas

    Daiva

  5. In Jaina ethics, Brahmacharya means the sacrifice of

    1. sensual desires

    2. egoistic desires

    3. mental desires

    4. all desires

  6. In Jain ethics, ‘nirjara’ is

    1. Stoppage of influx of matter into the soul

    2. complete elimination of the matter with which soul is already mingled

    3. stoppage of Samskara in the soul

    4. complete destruction of Smrti in the soul

  7. Causes of Hetubhuta Prajna are

    1. S ‘ruta’ Cinta

    2. S'ruta, Cinta, Bhavana

    3. Cinta, Bhavana

    4. Cinta, Bhavana, Anumana

  8. Twelve causes of suffering are described in the

    1. First Noble Truth

    2. Second Noble Truth

    3. Third Noble Truth

    4. Fourth Noble Truth

  9. In which one of the following sets of three stages, has Eight-fold Path been described?

    1. Dharma, Satya and Ahimsa

    2. Karma, Samsara and Moksa

    3. Prajna, S'ila ande Samadhi

    4. Prajna, S'ila and Satya

  10. The first step in the Buddhist Astamga Marga is

    1. Sammasamkappa

    2. Sammaditthi

    3. Sammavaca

    4. Samma kammanta

  11. According to Gandhi, we see Truth in fragment and from different angles of vision. Who then is to determine the Truth in his view?

    1. God in itself

    2. Nation in its solidarity

    3. Society in its collective wisdom

    4. The individual himself

  12. Consider the following views:

    1. State represents violence in a concentrated from:

    2. State can never be weaned from violence to which it owes its existence.

    3. Non-violence is our supreme duty.

    4. Centralization as a system in inconsistent with a non-violent structure of society.

    Which of the above view (s) is/are held by

    Mahatma Gandhi?

    1. 3 alone

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    • Assertion (A): Locke was compelled to say, Substance is something I know not what.
    • Reason (R): Locke draws a distinction between intuitive, demonstrative and ‘sensitive’ knowledge.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Shankara, the individual selves are identical with Brahman.
    • Reason (R): The Laksyartha of the statement Tattyamasi should be admitted instead of its Sakyartha.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Accordint to Ramanuja, Jiva is a Prakar of God.
    • Reason (R): Jiva is a transformulation of God.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true