Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice_Test 45 of 90)

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  1. Regarding the relation between mind and body, which one of the following is not acceptable to Descartes?
    1. They are independent substances
    2. There is no casual relation between them
    3. They interact with each other
    4. They depend on God for their existence
  2. Which one of the following correctly statement is not acceptable to Vaisesika philosophy?
    1. Manas is an atomic imperceptible substance, the existence of which can only be inferred
    2. The creation of the world is the ordering of the eternal atoms which are co-existent with God
    3. A substance (dravya) is indistinguishable form its qualities and actions
    4. A substance is the substratum of its qualities and actions
  3. To which category, according to the Vaisesika, does atman belong?
    1. Guna
    2. Karma
    3. Samanya
    4. Dravya
  4. Pudgala-nairatmya means
    1. Denial of an eternal spiritual substance
    2. Denial of an eternal material substance
    3. Denial of an eternal spiritual as well as material substance
    4. Acceptance of an eternal substance
  5. Which of the following statements are associated with St. Thomas Aquinas?
    1. The ontological argument for the existence of God is to be rejected
    2. God is pure form and pure actuality
    3. God is mere potential being
    4. God created the world out of preexisting matter

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 2
    2. 2 and 4
    3. 1 and 3
    4. 3 and 4
  6. ‘We must first believe in order that we know’ is the famous assertion made by
    1. St. Aquinas
    2. St. Augustine
    3. St. Anselm
    4. Plotinus
  7. On the issue of the creation of the universe by God, which one of the following positions is true of St. Augustine?
    1. The universe is created out of nothing at a given time by anact of God՚s free will
    2. The universe is created out of preexisting matter coeternal with God
    3. The universe is God՚s expression of the eternal act of creation
    4. The universe is created from within

    God out of divine necessity

  8. For Spinoza
    1. the world is a creation of the Absolute Substance, God, and is therefore ontologically distinct from God.
    2. the world is not ontologically distinct from God, because the world is God itself
    3. the world is a creation of God in the sense of being an expression of God՚s will to have a world
    4. the world is the expression of God՚s desire for natural splendor
  9. In order to prove the existence of God, Descartes used
    1. the Ontological Argument alone
    2. the Ontological and the Design Arguments
    3. the Ontological and the Cosmological Arguments
    4. the Cosmological Argument alone
  10. According to Nyaya-Vaisesika system, consciousness is
    1. the adventitious quality of the soul
    2. the essential quality of the soul
    3. identical with the soul
    4. a by-product of matter
  11. The principle of ‘intuitionism’ states that
    1. Moral judgements are based on social laws
    2. Conscience, immediately and intuitively, knows the rightness or wrongness of an action without reference to its consequences
    3. Rightness or wrongness of action is intrinsic
    4. Moral judgements are subjective in nature
  12. Which one of the following distinctions is not applicable to Kant?
    1. Distinction between nature and freedom
    2. Distinction between inclination and reason
    3. Distinction between acting morally and acting from the motive of duty
    4. Distinction between duty and selfinterest
  13. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:
    1. Freedom of the will
    2. Universal element in human nature
    3. The supreme good
    4. Act as a member of a Kingdom of ends
    1. Virtue
    2. Kant՚s third maxim
    3. Reason
    4. Fundamental postualte morality
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
  14. Emotivism holds that disagreement regarding values can never be debated and settled because value are
    1. natural
    2. attitudinal
    3. imperceptible
    4. religious
  15. Which of the following is correct? Prescriptivism as a meta-ethical theory says that
    1. moral judgements issue commands
    2. moral judgements prescribe a course of action
    3. moral judgements tell us to do something or stop doing something
    4. All the above three