Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 54 of 90)

  1. Which of the following statements are acceptable to the Naiyayikas?

    1. The existence of the soul is inferred from cognition, aversion, volition etc.

    2. The existence of soul is to be admitted as the substratum of consciousness.

    3. Consciousness is the essence of soul.

    4. If there were no permanent of soul, recognition and recollection would be inexplicable.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 3 and 4

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1 and 2

  2. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Pratityasamutpada
      • Jainism
      • Asatkaryavada
      • Nyaya-Vaisesika
      • Satkaryavada
      • Samkhya system
      • Vivartavada
      • Shankara Vedanta
  3. Which one of the following statements is true for the theory of syllogism?

    1. O cannot be the major in the second Figure

    2. O can be the minor in the Third Figure.

    3. O can be premise in the First Figure

    4. O can be a premise in the Fourth

    Figure

  4. Consider the following syllogism? All poets are educated All judges are educated So all judges are poets Which one of the following sets is correct for this syllogism?

    1. Mood AAA Figure I

    2. Mood AAA Figure II

    3. Mood AAA Figure III

    4. Mood AAA Figure IV

  5. Which of the following laws of the theory of the Square of Opposition survive when A, E, I and O categorical propositions are interpreted without existential presuppositions?

    1. Contrariety

    2. Sub-contrariety

    3. Contradiction

    4. Subalternation

  6. Consider the following statements: A: No pens are pencils. B: Some pens are not pencils Let C and D be converse statements of A and B, respectively. Then when one of the following holds?

    1. C follows from A and D follows from B

    2. C does not follow from A but D follows from B

    3. C follows from A but D does not follows from B

    4. Neither C follows from A nor D follows from B

  7. Match List-I (Statement) with List-II (Type of Proposition) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Mahatma Gandhi is the Father of the Nation

    2. Members of Gandhi family are Prime Minister of India

    3. Martyrodom is rewarded

    1. Indefinite proposition

    2. Universal affirmative proposition

    3. Particular affirmative proposition

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  8. Which one of the following characterises the soundness of a deductive argument?

    1. It is valid and its conclusion is true

    2. It is valid and at least one of its premises is true

    3. It is valid and all its premises are true

    4. It need not be valid but all its premises as well as the conclusion are true

  9. Consider the following:

    1. ask what assignment of truth values is required to make the conclusion false.

    2. assign truth value ‘true’ to all the premises

    3. if the truth value ‘true’ is assigned to all the premises and ‘false’ is assigned to the conclusion the argument is proved to be invalid.

    4. test whether the argument is invalid.

    The correct sequence of the above for the proof of invalidity of an argument is

    1. 2, 1, 4, 3

    2. 4, 1, 2, 3

    3. 4, 3, 2, 1

    4. 1, 2, 3, 4

  10. Match List-I (Statement) with List-II (Type of Proposition) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Knowledge is the accidental quality of self

    2. Knowledge is the necessary quality of self

    3. Knowledge is the nature of self

    4. Knowledge is the action of self

    1. Nyaya

    2. Visistadvaita

    3. Advaita Vedanta

    4. Mimamsa

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
  11. Assuming that ‘No philosophers are pessimists’ is true, what is guaranteed regarding the truth of the following statements?

    1. Some non-pessimists are not nonphilosophers.

    2. Some pessimists are philosophers

    3. Some passimists are not philosophers.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1-true, 2-not determined, 3-false

    2. 1-true, 2-false, 3-not determined

    3. 1-false, 2-not determined, 3-true

    4. 1-not determined, 2-true, 3-false

  12. Correspondence theory of truth implies that

    1. A proposition is true if it corresponds with a fact

    2. One proposition is consistent with another proposition

    3. A proposition and its negation are true

    4. A proposition works in practical affairs

  13. Match List-I (Concept) with List-II (Thinker) and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Mind having thought & matter having extension are fully independent of each other

    2. Attributes is ‘that which the intellect perceives as constituting the essence of the substance’

    3. The relation of interaction is impossible between the soul and the body

    1. Leibnitz

    2. Descartes

    3. Spinoza

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  14. Emotive theory of ethics is acceptable to

    1. Behaviourists

    2. Logical Positivists

    3. Existentialists

    4. Rationalists

  15. Which of the following statements are acceptable according to Samkaracarya?

    1. The world that we know is phenomenal.

    2. Jiva is the object of self-consciousness.

    3. Jiva and Saksin are not identical

    4. Maya, by its positive effect, conceals the real nature of Brahman.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 3 and 4

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 1, 2 and 3