Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 55 of 90)

  1. Shankara has criticised the Nyaya Theory of God on the basis of which of the following:

    1. Logic

    2. Metaphysics

    3. Epistemology

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  2. Which one of the following is true in Aristotelian Philosophy?

    1. Matter is the principle of potentiality and form is the principle of actuality

    2. Matter is the principle of actuality and form is the principle of potentiality

    3. Both matter and form are principles of potentiality

    4. Both matter and form are principles of actuality

  3. Which one of the following is the meaning of ‘Tabula rasa’

    1. clear and distinct idea

    2. innate idea

    3. blank state

    4. ideas drawn from experiences

  4. Consider the following statements:

    1. Ethical judgements are analytic.

    2. Ethical judgements are synthetic

    3. Ethical judgements are neither analytic nor synthetic

    Which of the statements given above is/are acceptable to Emotivism?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 2 only

    4. 3 only

  5. In his analysis of ethical judgements, Hare emphasises upon:

    1. Guiding

    2. Commending

    3. Exhorting

    4. Commanding

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. Who among the following believed that the substance is the unknown support of the known qualities?

    1. Nyaya

    2. Buddhism

    3. Locke

    4. Berkeley

  7. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Ethical judgements are social
      • Stevenson judgements
      • Value judgements are exclamations
      • Ayer
      • ‘Good’ means desired by me
      • Hobbes
      • ‘Good’ means approved by me
      • Hume
  8. Which one of the following is correct with regard to Descriptivism?

    1. It is a meta-ethical theory

    2. It is a cognitive meta-ethical theory

    3. It is a non-cognitive meta-ethical theory

    4. It gives factual descriptions of moral expressions

  9. According to Kant, which one of the following statements is correct?

    1. Moral agency implies freedom of the will.

    2. Moral agency presupposes freedom of the will.

    3. Moral agency is logically independent of freedom of the will.

    4. Moral agency is possible in the absence of freedom of the will.

  10. Which one of the following statements is correct? One who holds that freedom of will and causal determinism are reconcilable is

    1. a fatalist

    2. an indeterminist

    3. a compatibilist

    4. a libertarian

  11. Which one of the following statements is correct? According to Kant, committing suicide is wrong because

    1. it is contrary to the provisions of God who gives life.

    2. it is contrary to the provisions of the court which protects life.

    3. it is contrary to the provisions of tradeing humanity as an end.

    4. it is contrary to the provisions of social norms.

  12. Which one of the following are necessary postulates of morality according to Kant?

    1. Immortality of the soul

    2. Humanity as an end

    3. Existence of God

    4. To act out of reverence for the law

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1 and 4

  13. ‘Duty is the necessity to act out of reverence for the Law’ The word ‘Law’ as used in this definition means

    1. Social code

    2. Divine law

    3. Moral law

    4. The legal system

  14. Which one of the following is not acceptable to Mill?

    1. Pleasure alone is desirable as an end'

    2. Some pleasures are qualitatively superior to other pleasures.

    3. Things other than pleasure are also desired by men.

    4. The judgement about the qualitative superiority of pleasures is not based upon a collective decision, but upon individual alone.

  15. Which one of the following is not correct according to Bentham?

    1. Pleasures can be measured and compared in quantitative terms

    2. The inner light of conscience has no role in morality.

    3. Conventional moralrules can be broken in view of long range consequences.

    4. There are self-evident natural rights.