Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 58 of 90)

  1. Which one of the following statements is not true Aquinas?

    1. The human soul is the form of the human body

    2. The rational soul is the only form of the human body

    3. Intellect and will are the two main powers of the human soul

    4. It is one and the same intellect that is possessed all human beings

  2. Match List-I (Theory) with List-II (School) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. The self is the stream of consciousness or mental states

    2. The soul is a substance, which is partless, eternal, independent and all prevading

    3. From the transcendental point of view the individual self is Brahman and nothing else

    4. The individual soul is a portion God, which is limited and not all pervading

    1. AdvaitaVedar

    2. Buddhism

    3. Visistadvaita

    4. Nyaya-Vaisesika system

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
  3. Consider the following statements:

    1. The world is an effect and hence it must have an efficient cause-God.

    2. The order, design and coordination between different phenomena comes from God.

    3. Unintelligent Adrsta cannot sustain the world.

    4. God can be known through nirvikalpa pratyaksa.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct according to Nyaya?

    1. 1 only

    2. 4 only

    3. 2 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3 only

  4. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Brahman is one without a second
      • Brahman is formless and qualityless
      • Brahman alone is real
      • Jiva is essentially non-different from Brahman
      • Brahman is Isvara
      • Isvara is the product of mayasakti of Brahman
      • Jagat is mithya
      • Jagat is maya, not tuccha
  5. Match List-I (Categories,) with List-II (Instances)

    List-I (Categories) List-II (Instances)
    1. Paramarthika Sat

    2. Vyavaharika Sat

    3. Pratibhasika Sat

    4. A-Sat

    1. Son of a barren woman

    2. Rope-snake

    3. Objects of the World

    4. Brahman

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  6. Match List-I (Philosophical System) with List-II (Associated Doctrine,) and select the correct answer using the code given below the lists

    List-I List-II
    1. Samkhya

    2. Visistadvita

    3. Vaisesika

    4. Buddhism

    1. Ksanabhangavada

    2. Arambhavada

    3. Prakrtiparinamavada

    4. Brahmaparianamavada

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  7. What is the doctrine that assets that universal and independent, both from particulars and from the mind known as?

    1. Conceptualism

    2. Nominalism

    3. Realism

    4. Idealism

  8. Which of the following is/are true of Nominalism?

    1. All names are universals.

    2. All names, except proper names like Rama, universals

    3. When we speak of an English poet, we are talking to some individual or other like Shelley. Keats or Eliot.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 1 and 3 only

    2. 2 only

    3. 2 and 3 only

    4. 3 only

  9. Which of the following is/are true of Plato's view of Universals?

    1. Only because there are objects like tables, there are universals liek ‘tableness’

    2. All the tables are tables because each one of them has its own universal in it.

    3. All tables are instantiations of the universal ‘tableness’

    4. All tables are real because they have ‘tableness’ in them.

    Select the correct answer using the code below

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 3 and 4 only

    4. 3 only

  10. Which one of the following is a consistent pair with regard to the theory of the Universals?

    1. Buddhism and Plato

    2. Buddhism and Vaisesika

    3. Vaisesika and Plato

    4. Vedanta and Aristotle

  11. Consider the following statements: According to Aristotle

    1. universals are not metal concepts but real

    2. universals are distinguishable from particulars

    3. universals are transcendent

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 1 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 3only

    4. l, 2 and 3

  12. What is/are not acceptable to Berkeley's philosophical position?

    1. Things are experienced as groups of qualities.

    2. Through comparison of the combination of qualities resemblances and common features are formed

    3. Resemblances give rise to the acquirement of a general reference and significance.

    4. The acceptance of general reference leads to the acceptance of general abstruct idea.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below

    1. 1 and 2 only

    2. 3 and 4 only

    3. 2 only

    4. 4 only

  13. What is the perception through which me make assimilation, discrimination, analysis and synthesis, known as?

    1. Nirvikalpa

    2. Savikalpa

    3. Laukika

    4. Alaukia

  14. Which of the following views concerning Universals are not be rejected by the Buddhists?

    1. Universals are real and perceived through the sense organs

    2. Universals are real, but perceived only through the mind.

    3. Surely there are particulars but no universals.

    4. From the fact that we all uniformly use several general words, it does not follow that there are distinct and separate entities denoted by them.

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    1. 3 and 4 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 2 and 4 only

    4. 1 and 4 only

  15. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the-lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Nyaya

    2. Buddhism

    3. Samkhya

    4. Vedanta

    1. Pramanyam Svatah Apramanyam Prathah

    2. Pramanyam Syatah Apramayam Syatah

    3. Apramanyam Svatah Pramanyam Paratah

    4. Pramanyam Praratah Apramanyam Paratah

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1