Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice-Test 71 of 90)

  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

    List-I (Ideal) List-II (Advocate)
    1. Jnana

    2. Bhakti

    3. Karma

    1. Sankara

    2. Mimamsa

    3. Ramanuja

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
  2. Which one of the following is morally acceptable in Gandhian ethics?

    1. Means and ends form a continuum

    2. The good ends demand equally good means for their justification

    3. if the means are good, the ends would naturally be good

    4. if the ends are good, means would naturally be good

  3. Which of the following is/are included in the triratna?

    1. Asteya, ahimsa, satyam

    2. Sarnyag-darsana

    3. Samyag-jnadna and samyag-caritra

    4. Ahimsa, mudita, maitri

    Select the correct answer using the code given below:

    Code:

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 and 3 only

    3. 4 only

    4. 2 only

  4. In the Jaina ethics, which one of the following is most fundamental?

    1. Asteya

    2. Ahimsa

    3. Aparigraha

    4. Brahmacarya

  5. Which one of the following is not acceptable to Aristotle?

    1. Form gives identity and individuality to substances

    2. Substance is that of which all else is predicated

    3. While universals are secondary substances, particulars are primary substances

    4. It is matter which gives actuality to a substance

  6. Which one of the following statements is true of Descartes?

    1. God is only true ultimate substance, while matter and mind are two other substances brought into existence by God

    2. God is the most ultimate substance, while mind is the next most ultimate substance with lesser reality than God but more reality than matter

    3. God is one of the three substances, matter and mind being the other two, all equally ultimately real

    4. While both matter and mind are creations of God, matter is created contingently but mind is created necessarily

  7. Which one of the following statements is not correct about Locke's philosophy?

    1. Not all the properties we ascribe to substances, really belong to them

    2. Not all our ideas of properties of substances are exact resemblances of the real properties of substances

    3. We can have certain knowledge of primary qualities and not of secondary qualities of objects

    4. Objects produce ideas in us by virtue of their possession of primary qualities

  8. Consider the following statements:

    1. Existence is identical with perception.

    2. Primary and secondary qualities are inseparable.

    3. Abstract ideas are untenable.

    4. Notion of other minds is unintelligible.

    Which of the statements given above are correct according to Berkeley?

    1. l, 2 and 4 only

    2. 2, 3 and 4 only

    3. 1, 3 and 4 only

    4. 1, 2 and 3 only

  9. According to Nyaya-Vaiseikas, gold is

    1. water, because it can melt like ice

    2. fire, because it glitters

    3. earth, because it is found in mines

    4. a distinct substance because it has qualities not shared by the above three

  10. Which of the following are advocated by Nyaya?

    1. Atomism and Spiritualism only

    2. Atomism, Spiritualism and Theism

    3. Atomism, Theism and Realism only

    4. Atomism, Theism, Realism

    Pluralism

  11. Which one of the following is acceptable to Buddhism?

    1. The affirmation of only an eternal spiritual substance and denial of the material

    2. The denial of an eternal substance, spiritual as well as material

    3. The affirmation of material substance and denial of the spiritual

    4. The affirmation of an ultimate reality beyond both matter and spirit

  12. Which one of the following pairs is not consistent?

    1. Madhyamikas: Nothing is real

    2. Sautrantikas: External objects are perception dependent

    3. Yogacaras: Only the mental is real

    4. Nagarjuna: There are two truthst

    Samvrttisat and Paramarthasat

  13. Which of the following statements is not acceptable to Thomas Aquinas?

    1. God is pure actuality

    2. Creatures are in some ways like God, in some not

    3. God is knowable only by faith

    4. The human soul is the form of the human body

  14. Which one of the following arguments is not employed by St. Augustine to prove the existence of God?

    1. The argument based on necessary and universal truths

    2. The argument that infers the existence of God from the idea of a perfect being

    3. The argument based on the theory of cause and effect

    4. The argument based on purpose, design and harmony

  15. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below, the Lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Brahman cannot be the cause of the universe. Atoms are its cause

    2. Brabman is the material as well as the efficient cause

    3. God is both the material and the instrumental cause

    4. The world is an effect and hence it must have an efficient cause. This intelligent agent is God

    1. Sankara

    2. Ramanuja

    3. Nyaya

    4. Vaisesika

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1