Competitive Exams: Philosphy MCQs (Practice_Test 81 of 90)

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  1. Which one of the following theses is the most fundamental to Berkeley՚s worldview?
    1. All qualities are ideas and so any object consisting of qualities is an idea
    2. Qualities of an object do not inhere in a material substratum
    3. A quality cannot exist if it is not perceived
    4. The idea of independent matter is absurd.
  2. Which one of the following is NOT Samanya?
    1. Manhood (Manusyatva)
    2. Cowness (gotva)
    3. Skyness (Akasatva)
    4. Jarness (Ghatatva)
  3. Samanya, in the Vaisesika system stands for
    1. The genus
    2. the species
    3. class concept or universal
    4. An idea in the mind
  4. Apoha vada in Buddhism leads to the development of
    1. Conceptualism
    2. Rea1ism
    3. Pragmatism
    4. Nominalism
  5. The validity and invalidity of knowledge are due to extraneous conditions. This view is maintained by
    1. Nyaya
    2. Samkhya
    3. Mimamsa
    4. Vedanta
  6. Carvakas did NOT accept anumana as pramana because
    1. The object of anumana cannot be verified through perception
    2. We cannot establish the necessary relation between hetu and sadhya
    3. Anumana generally is used for proving unreal things such as god and soul
    4. Anumana is indistinguishable from tarka
  7. According to Nyaya-Vaiesika the number ‘one’ is directly perceived, but other numbers are
    1. Inferred
    2. Indirectly perceived
    3. Conceived
    4. Known by comparison
  8. According to the Naiyayikas the knowledge resulting from upamanapramana is that of
    1. Similarity
    2. The relation between the name and its object
    3. The relation between a universal type and its particular instance
    4. A new object
  9. According to Nyaya, ‘Ice looks cold’ is an example of
    1. Samanyalaksana
    2. Jnanalaksana
    3. Yogajalaksana
    4. Laukika sannikarsa
  10. According to Nyaya-vaisesika, the non existence of a jar on the. Floor is perceived by an eye because
    1. The eye is in contact with the floor, which is qualified by the floor ness
    2. The eye is in contact with the floor, which is qualified by the non-existence of the jar
    3. There is no jar qualified by floor ness
    4. There is only floor not qualified by jarness
  11. Consider the following inference: ‘Sky-flower’ is fragrant as it has got flowerness in it. This inference commits the fallacy of
    1. Anaikantika
    2. Satpratipaksa
    3. Badhita
    4. Asrayasiddhi
  12. According to the Naiyayikas prama is
    1. Manifestation of objects
    2. Apprehension which agrees with the real character of the object apprehended.
    3. Revelatory of reality
    4. Knowledge of an object with qualities which exist in the object
  13. Which one of the following alternatives is accepted by Buddhism?
    1. Svatah-pramanya paratah-apramanya
    2. Svatah-pramanya svatah-apramanya
    3. Paratah-pramanya svatah-apramanya
    4. Paratah-pramanya paratah-apramanya
  14. According to Advaita-Vednta which one of the following represents the correct sequence for the study of Vedanta?
    1. Nityanitya-vastu-viveka, mumuksutva, ihamutrartha-bhogaviraga, samadamadi-sadhana-sampat
    2. Ihamutrartha-bhogaviraga, mumuksutva, nityanitya-vastu-viveka, samadamadi-sadhana-sampat
    3. Nityanitya-vastu-viveka, ihamutrarthabhogaviraga, samadamadi-sadhana-sampat, mumuksutva
    4. Samamadi-sadhana-sampat, ihamutrarthabhogaviraga, nityanityavastu-viveka, mumuksutva
  15. The knowledge of the ultimate reality according to Vedanta is a case of
    1. nirvikalpaka pratyaksa
    2. savikalpaka pratyaksa
    3. anumiti
    4. upamiti

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