Competitive Exams: Physics MCQs (Practice-Test 16 of 35)

  1. For measuring potential difference in a circuit a potentiometer is a superior instrument as compared to a voltmeter because it has

    1. greater sensitivity

    2. a low internal resistance at null-point

    3. an infinitely large internal resistance at null-point

    4. zero internal resistance at an currents

  2. An aircraft with a wing span of 20 m flies at a horizontal speed of 360 km/h in a region where the vertical component of the earth's field is 5 × 10 − 5 T. The potential difference between the tips of the wings will be

    1. 0.10 V

    2. 0.15 V

    3. 0.20 V

    4. 0.30 V

  3. A current passing through a self-inductance of 2 mH changes at the rate of 20 mA/s. The emf induced in the coil is

    1. 10mV

    2. 40 mV

    3. 10mV

    4. 40mV

  4. Two inductors, 0.4 H and 0.6 H are connected in parallel. If this combination is connected in series with an inductor of inductance, 0.76 H, then the equivalent inductance of the circuit will be

    1. 2.0 H

    2. 1 H

    3. 0.2 H

    4. 0.1 H

  5. The magnetic field energy in an inductor changes from minimum to maximum value in 2.5 × 10 − 3 s when connected to an ac source. The frequency of the source is

    1. 12.5 Hz

    2. 25 Hz

    3. 50 Hz

    4. 100 Hz

  6. The power factor of a series LCR circuit connected to an ac source of frequency, w is given by

  7. Two parallel wires separated by 25 cm carry currents of i1 = 25A and i2 = 35 A flowing in opposite direction. The force per unit length acting between them is

    1. a repulsive force of 7 × 104 N/m

    2. an attractive force of 7 × 10 − 4 N/m

    3. a repulsive force of 35 × 102 N/m

    4. an attractive force of 35 × 102 N/m

  8. In the case of a series LCR circuit, the sharpness of resonance curve is determined by the quality factor ‘Q’ given by

    1. XL/XC

    2. Lw/R at resonance frequency

    3. Lw/R at any frequency other than resonance

  9. Measurement of the Hall emf for a sample gives information about

    1. magnitude and sign of the charge carriers

    2. sign of the charge and density of the carriers

    3. only sign of the charge carriers

    4. only density of the charge carriers

  10. A device used to measure the magnetic field makes use of Hall effect. In a magnetic field of 200 G, it gives a Hall voltage of 16mV: If with the same current and orientation, it gives a Hall voltage of 24 mV in another field, then its magnitude is

    1. 1600 G

    2. 480 G

    3. 300 G

    4. 150 G

  11. For a certain thermocouple, the emf = at + bt2 where t (in 0C) is the temperature the hot junction, the cold junction being at 0'C. If = 10 mV/ ‘C and b = 0.02 mV/’ C2 then the temperature (degree C) of inversion, will be

    1. 150

    2. 250

    3. 500

    4. 750

  12. In an electromagnetic wave, the direction of the magnetic induction B is:

    1. parallel to the electric field %

    2. perpendicular to the electric field %

    3. anti parallel to the Pointing's vector, S

    4. Random

  13. If an electromagnetic wave is propagating in a medium with permittivity and permeability m, then m/is the

    1. intrinsic impedance of the medium

    2. square of the refractive index of the medium

    3. refractive index of the medium

    4. energy density of the medium

  14. A cyclotron magnet has pole pieces of radius R and produces a maximum magnetic field B. The maximum energy to which charged particle can be accelerated is proportional to

    1. BR

    2. B2R2

    3. B2R

    4. BR2