Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice_Test 16 of 150)

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  1. An Authoritarian State is one which
    1. Guarantees conditions in which the individual can realize his true self
    2. Commands unquestioning obedience to the authority of the ruler
    3. Claims to regulate every sphere of the individual՚s
    4. Is a natural organization possessing a will of its own to promote the good life
  2. Most of the Third World states are
    1. Ethnically and culturally divided
    2. Linguistically homogeneous
    3. Rich in natural resources
    4. Economically self-reliant
  3. In a parliamentary form of government, ministers are appointed by
    1. The head of the state at his discretion
    2. The head of the government
    3. The head of the state on the recommendations of the head of the government
    4. The legislature
  4. in the Americal Presidential election, in case no candidate secures required majority, the decision is referred to the
    1. Electorate
    2. Electoral college
    3. House of Representatives
    4. Senate
  5. Which of the following factors have helped the US Federal Government to become powerful vis-a-vis the state government?
    1. The role and personalities of some American Presidents.
    2. Doctrine of Implied power given by the US Supreme Court.
    3. Grants-in-aid given by the US Federal Government to the states.
    4. Emergency situations viz, world wars and the Great Depression.
      1. Only 1
      2. 1 and 2
      3. 1,2 and 3
      4. 1,2, 3 and 4
  6. In the USA, the filibuster is a method used by
    1. The Congress to pressurize the President
    2. The President to prevent the introduction of a Bill in the Congress
    3. Members of the Senate to obstruct the passage of a Bill
    4. Judiciary to prevent congress from passing a Bill
  7. The relationship between the government and the President in France is a complex one due to
    1. Direct election of the President
    2. Centralization of powers
    3. A mixed presidential-parliamentary form of government
    4. Parliaments reduced powers to control the government
  8. The constructive no-confidence vote in the Basic Law of Germany means that the Bundestag can overthrow a Chancellor
    1. Only by a special majority vote
    2. Only if it is first able to agree on i successor
    3. Only with the consent of the president
    4. Only with the consent of the federal constitutional court
  9. The National Parliamentary body of China is known as
    1. State Council
    2. National People՚s Congress
    3. People՚s Assembly
    4. Supreme Soviet
  10. The practice adopted by the party in power to reward its members and supporters through government contracts and jobs is called
    1. Division of powers
    2. Implied powers
    3. Power politics
    4. Spoils system
  11. Which one of the following is NOT correct about “Dyarchy” introduced by the Government of India Act of 1919?
    1. It was a system of dual governments at central and provincial levels
    2. Provincial subjects were divided into reserved and transferred
    3. Governor appointed ministers from the elected members of the legislative council
    4. Governor had the power of overriding the majority decision
  12. Which one of the following statements is correct?
    1. The Constitution clearly lays down what its basic structure is
    2. The Supreme Court has elaborately defined the basic structure of the Constitution
    3. The Law Commission of India with the help of Attorney-General of India has defined the basic structure of the Constitution.
    4. Neither the Supreme Court nor the

    Parliament have defined the basic structure of the Constitution

  13. Consider the following statements:
    1. In extraordinary circumstances, the normal distribution of power between the centre and the states is either suspended or the powers of the Union Parliament are extended over State subjects.
    2. The Indian Constitution vests the residuary power in the Union Parliament and the final decision as to whether a particular matter falls under the residuary power or not is that of the Supreme Court.
    3. The Union Government has the power to give directions to the state government to insure due compliance with Union laws.
    4. If the Legislatures of two or more states so resolve, Parliament can make laws with respect to any matters included in the state list relating to those states.

    Which of these describe the nature of

    Indian Federalism?

    1. 1,2, 3 and 4
    2. 1,2 and 3
    3. 2 and 4
    4. 1 and 3
  14. Which one of the following taxes is levied and collected by the Union and distributed between the Union and the States?
    1. Taxes on income other than agricultural income
    2. Taxes on sale or purchase of newspapers and on advertisements published therein
    3. Taxes other than stamp duties on transactions in stock exchanges and future markets
    4. Taxes on railway fares and freights
  15. Consider the following Bills:
    1. Bills for the formation of new states or reorganization of state boundaries
    2. Money bills.
    3. State bills imposing restrictions upon the freedom of trade
    4. Bills involving expenditure from the consolidated fund of India.

    According the constitution of India, for introduction of WHICH of these bills, previous sanction of recommendatio0n of the President of India is required?

    1. Only 1
    2. 2 and 3
    3. 1,2 and 3
    4. 1,2, 3 and 4