Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice_Test 62 of 150)

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  1. The economic interpretation of history means that in the ultimate analysis history is determined by
    1. The laws of supply and demand
    2. Relationships of production
    3. Scientific and technological forces
    4. Mode of production
  2. “Imperialism is the last stage of Capitalism” This view is held by the
    1. Individualists
    2. Fascists
    3. Utopian Socialists
    4. Marxists
  3. Which one of the following is the characteristic of Fabian Socialism?
    1. Economic Determinism
    2. Gradual change of society
    3. Revolutionary transformation of society
    4. The theory of class war
  4. Who among the following talked of the “Iron Law of Oligarchy” in relation to the functioning of political parties?
    1. Madver
    2. Finer
    3. Duverger
    4. Michaels
  5. Which one of the following is not a proper function of political parties in a democratic country?
    1. To propagate the ideology and policies of the party
    2. To appoint officials for the running of the government administration
    3. To establish proper relation between the public and the government
    4. To form the government
  6. Which one of the following is called the Fourth Estate?
    1. Bureaucracy
    2. Judiciary
    3. Press
    4. Political Parties
  7. Public opinion gets an authoritative expression in a democracy through
    1. Newspapers
    2. Parliament
    3. Pressure groups
    4. Public meetings
  8. Pressure groups are a feature of
    1. Communist systems
    2. Dictatorships
    3. Guided democracies
    4. Liberal democracies
  9. Liberal Democracy means
    1. Government by majority
    2. Government by the people
    3. Government in the interest of the people
    4. Limited majority rule
  10. Which one of the following schools advocates the view that representation should be based on functional rather than territorial constituencies?
    1. Fabianism
    2. Guild Socialism
    3. Marxism
    4. Utopianism
  11. The functional theory of representation emphasizes the fact that
    1. Residence is important
    2. Class is important
    3. Occupation is important
    4. Religion is important
  12. According to Pluralism, the State on the whole
    1. stands at equal footing with other associations
    2. Occupies a pre-eminent position among associations as a coordinating, all embracing scheme of life
    3. Occupies a subordinate position in relation to many occupational and cultural groups
    4. Ceases to be of any political and juridical significance
  13. The theoretical assumption of the idea of justice as fairness is that
    1. Utility is the basic principle of justice
    2. Absolute equality is the basic principle of justice
    3. Justice demands that the rights of the individuals are prior and must get precedence over ends of human life and social organization.
    4. Justice demands that everyone gets rewards according to his desert
  14. Which one of the following would promote economic justice?
    1. A policy of free trade
    2. The existence of monopolies
    3. A system of graded taxation
    4. A policy of incentives
  15. “Each to count for one and no one for more than one” was the principle propounded by
    1. Lord Bryce
    2. Jeremy Bentham
    3. John S Mill
    4. Abraham Lincoln

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