Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 7 of 150)

  1. Who among the following saw parties/candidates as motivated solely by desire to win elections and tending to converge towards the views of the median vote in two party plurality-based competition?

    1. Anthony Downs

    2. Robert DahI

    3. J Coleman

    4. D A Wittman

  2. Who among the following denied the existence of right before the development of society?

    1. T Hobbes

    2. J Locke

    3. J Rousseau

    4. T H Green

    • Assertion (A): Secularism is a basic feature of the Constitution of India in the sense that the State should be neutral to the different religions.
    • Reason (R): One of the Directive Principles of State policy states that it will be a part of the duty of the state improve the breeds of cattle and stop the slaughter of cows and calves.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Any individual affected due to violation of any of the Directive principles of state policy, cannot move the court.
    • Reason (R): The Directives Principles are not justifiable.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The British democracy has transformed itself from a parliamentary system through a cabinet system to a prime ministerial system.
    • Reason (R): During the 1400 years of its constitutional development, the British constitution has witnessed a substantial reeducation in the powers of the Monarch and of the House of Lords.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The Indian Constitution recognizes the supremacy of judiciary.
    • Reason (R): The question as to what constitutes a reasonable restriction on fundamental rights is to be determined by courts of law.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Prof. K C Wheare calls Indian constitution a quasifederal constitution.
    • Reason (R): There are three lists Union, state and concurrent in the seventh schedule of the constitution of India dividing powers between the centre and the state and giving residuary powers to the central government.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The President of India can return any bill passed by Parliament for reconsideration of the Houses.
    • Reason (R): The President cannot return money bills to the Parliament reconsideration of the Houses.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Public opinion thrives in a democratic society.
    • Reason (R): There is freedom of the press.
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Lucian Pye identified three key ingredients of development as equality capacity and differentiation.
    • Reason (R): High level of differentiation makes society developed
    1. Both A and Rare true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  3. Who among the following thinkers combined natural right with physiological metaphor in his organism theory of the State

    1. F A Bradley

    2. Herbert Spencer

    3. Bernard Bosanquet

    4. Bluntschli

  4. According to Bodin, “Sovereignty is the supreme power citizens and subjects unrestrained by Law.” In the above statements, the term law signifies

    1. Moral law

    2. Divine and natural law

    3. Constitutional law of the land

    4. Positive law

  5. The Austinian sovereign is

    1. The absolute political power of the state

    2. The ultimate source of juridical authority

    3. Legally and morally supreme authority of the state

    4. Unlimited power of the community exercised through its representatives

  6. Final upshot of the pluralist theory of the state is the

    1. Repudiation of the authority of the state

    2. Limitation on the power of the state

    3. Parity on the state and other associations

    4. Assertion of complete autonomy of groups and associations

  7. The monistic theory of sovereignty emphasizes

    1. The moral ombi competence of the state

    2. The defect supremacy of the state

    3. Social unity of the state

    4. Juridical supremacy of the state