Competitive Exams: Political Science MCQs (Practice-Test 73 of 150)

  1. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer

    List-I (Stage in the emergence of political parties according to Max Weber) List-II (Types of political parties according to max Weber)
    1. Eighteenth Century

    2. Nineteenth Century

    3. Twentieth Century

    1. Parties of notables

    2. Pure following of the aristocracy

    3. Highly structured party machines

    4. Parties of clerics

    • A
    • B
    • C
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
    • Assertion (A): Liberalism is not committed to main taming a particular economic system.
    • Reason (R): Liberalism seeks to remove restrictions on individual liberty and equality.

    In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  2. Early liberalism stood for

    1. Religious toleration

    2. Recognition of the divine of kings

    3. Every thing medieval, both in philosophy and in politics

    4. Economic equality

  3. “The state exists merely because crime exists and its principal function therefore is to protect and restrain, not to foster and promote.” The above statement best reflects the ideas of

    1. Liberalism

    2. Socialism

    3. Anarchism

    4. Fascism

  4. Which of the following is not a correct statement about centralized planning?

    1. Centralized planning ensures efficiency

    2. Centralized planning is planning from below

    3. Centralized planning accelerates the rate of economic progress

    4. Centralized planning run is the prospect of free society

  5. Which one of the following statement on planning reflects the thinking of Prof. Hayek?

    1. Collective control of private activities of production and exchange

    2. The direction of productive activity by a central authority

    3. The extension of the functions of public authorities to organization and resources

    4. Deliberate direction by persons in charge of large resources of economic activity towards chosen ends

  6. The similarity between Fabian Socialism and Marxian Socialism lies in the fact that both

    1. Support the materialistic interpretation of history

    2. Believe in the theory of class struggle

    3. Support common ownership of the basic means of production

    4. Believe in the theory of Surplus Value

    • Assertion (A): The individual's right to unlimited accumulation of private property came to be questioned in the nineteenth century political theories of Europe.
    • Reason (R): Such right was seen to enhance the evils of an industrial society.

    In the context of the above two statements, which one of the following is correct?

    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  7. Which one of the following is least relevant to the welfare view of functions of the state?

    1. Reasonable amount of social and economic equality

    2. Predominance of group interests over priorities of individuals

    3. Policies conducive to equality of opportunity

    4. Minimization of areas of conflict to maximize conciliation

  8. Some idealistic socialists of Europe had tried experiment in community life providing for the individuals

    1. Equal property

    2. Common property

    3. Collective family

    4. Rustic simplicity

  9. Which one of the following political philosophies has been described by C. E M. Joad as a hat which has lost its shape because everyone wears it?

    1. Socialism

    2. Communism

    3. Anarchism

    4. Marxism-Lamaism

  10. Which one of the following statements is true in respect of Fabianism?

    1. It is a method of propaganda designed to disarm middle class suspicions and make them socialists

    2. It is to facilitate the infiltration of socialist ideas

    3. It is English collectivist socialism

    4. It advocated the collective ownership and management of nation's land and capital

      1. 1 and 4

      2. 1 and 2

      3. 1, 2 and 3

      4. 2, 3 and 4

  11. Which of the following can be associated with Fabianism?

    1. Value is the creation of society and not of labor

    2. Land should cease to be personal property of the landlord

    3. The changes in the society should be brought by revolution

    4. The key industries may be owned privately

      1. 1 and 2

      2. 2 and 3

      3. 2 and 4

      4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  12. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer

    List-I List-II
    1. The purposes of the state are identical with those of society

    2. The slogan of Liberty, Equality Fraternity, is replaced by Duty discipline Sacrifice

    3. The welfare of the individual must contribute to the welfare of the community

    4. Economic organization combined with peaceful means to bring about social reconstruction

    1. Totalitarianism

    2. Guild Socialism

    3. Nazism

    4. Democratic socialism

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  13. Which one of the following is not a characteristic of Socialism?

    1. It is a reaction to the social and economic injustice of the capitalist system

    2. It is a revolt against the exploitation of man by man

    3. It is a protest against an economic and social system based on profit

    4. It strives for the abolition of the State