Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice_Test 18 of 68)

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  1. Some persons seem to experience a state of psychological exhaustion by repeated encounters with job-related stress. They are said to be suffering from
    1. Anomie
    2. Emotional withdrawal
    3. Burn-out
    4. Depression
  2. Psychological disorders with symptoms of nightmares and flashbacks, irritability, difficulty in concentration and a general unresponsiveness is called
    1. General adaptation syndrome
    2. Bipolar disorder
    3. Post-traumatic stress disorder
    4. Disoriented attachment
  3. Which one of the following is NOT a relaxation technique?
    1. Yoga exercise
    2. Biofeedback
    3. Systematic desensitization
    4. Sensitivity training
  4. Which one of the following concepts correctly describes people՚s inability to influence a situation giving rise to a sense of resignation and little initiative in new situation?
    1. Maladjustment
    2. Learned helplessness
    3. Non-perseverance
    4. Bipolar depression
  5. Which one of the following would most likely lead to errors in attitude survey?
    1. Social desirability bias
    2. Leniency error
    3. Tester՚s personal stereotypes
    4. Naive subject selection
  6. Semantic Differential Technique was developed by
    1. Likert
    2. Osgood
    3. Thurstone
    4. Bogardus
  7. When individuals notice inconsistency between their own behaviour and attitude, they are said to be experiencing
    1. Psychological reactance
    2. Cognitive dissonance
    3. Behaviour differential
    4. Behavioural inconsistency
  8. The study of interpersonal space and its use in different social and cultural situations is called
    1. Body language
    2. Non-verbal communication
    3. Proxemics
    4. Topology
  9. Consider the following statements: Errors of causal attribution in person perception can be avoided by evaluating only
    1. actions having low social desirability bias
    2. actions producing uncommon efforts
    3. actions done by self-choice of the actor

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 2 and 3
    2. 1 and 2
    3. 1 and 3
    4. 1,2 and 3
  10. Experiments based on cognitive dissonance theory have examined the relationship between behavioural compliance and attitude change. Which one of the following conclusions can be drawn from these experiments?
    1. Behavioural compliance never leads to attitude change
    2. The lesser the inducement for compliance, the more the attitude change
    3. The greater the inducement for compliance, the more the attitude change
    4. Behavioural compliance always leads to attitude change
  11. Which of the following would make new group affiliation more effective in inducing attitude change?
    1. Centrality of the group norm towards the new attitude
    2. Higher group cohesiveness
    3. Pluralistic norms within the group

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1,2 and 3
    2. 1 and 2
    3. 2 and 3
    4. 1 and 3
  12. The mean amount of positive change produced by a persuasive communication minus the amount of negative change produced is called
    1. Differential attitude
    2. Resultant attitude
    3. Net attitude change
    4. Residual attitude cluster
  13. In person perception, which of the following conditions of behaviour is most likely to result in attribution to internal causes?
    1. Low consistency, high concensus and low distinctiveness
    2. High consistency, low consensus, and low distinctiveness
    3. High consistency, low consensus and high distinctiveness
    4. Low consistency, high consensus and high distinctiveness
  14. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?
      • Healthy psychology
      • Type A behaviour
      • Environmental psychology
      • Truancy
      • School psychology
      • Personal training
      • Organizational psychology
      • Urban planning
  15. Which one of the following groups of psychologists would probably be concerned with changing society՚s priorities to place more emphasis on improving interpersonal relationship and providing conditions that promote the development of human potentials for constructive and co-operative actions?
    1. Social
    2. Clinical
    3. Humanistic
    4. Existential

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