Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 20 of 68)

  1. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Frontal lobes

    2. Hippocampus

    3. Hypothalamus

    4. Reticular formation

    1. Short-term memory

    2. Planning and goal-directed behaviour

    3. Brain activation to regulate arousal

    4. Emotional expression

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
  2. A high school girl preparing for her examination at around midnight heard a loud crash outside her room. Her body reacted instantly and she experienced a panic. The reaction was produced by

    1. Left hemisphere

    2. Occipital lobes

    3. Sympathetic nervour system

    4. Parasympathetic nervous system

  3. Which one of the following is true about stress response?

    1. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) is secreted first leading to the secretion of epinephrine

    2. Epinephrine is secreted first leading to the secretion of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

    3. Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and epinerphrine are secreted simultaneously

    4. In stress response, only epinephrine is secreted but not adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

  4. Following a head injury, a victim's performance dropped in a language test but not in a spatial test. This may be due to a possible injury to

    1. The right hemisphere

    2. Broca's area

    3. The reticular system

    4. Medulla

  5. Which of the following statements can be made about the critical period hypothesis on the basis of its current status?

    1. Critical period is based on the process of unfolding of the biological propensity for development.

    2. During the critical period the organism is most susceptible to the effects of developmental inputs.

    3. The effect of deprivation during the critical period is not absolute and irreversible.

    4. The critical period is the same for all the developmental tasks for human beings.

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 2 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  6. Many factors in the environment can adversely affect the foetus and interfere with the normal patterns of prenatal growth. Such factors are called

    1. Foetal syndromes

    2. Placental conditions

    3. Teratogens

    4. Phenotypes

  7. The somatic sensory information to cortex travels through

    1. Brain stem, spinal cord, cerebral hemispheres

    2. Cerebral hemispheres, spinal cord, brain stem

    3. spinal cord, Cerebral hemispheres, brain stem

    4. spinal cord, brain stem, Cerebral hemispheres

  8. Consider the following concepts

    1. Incentive and motivation

    2. Drive and cue

    3. Curiosity and exploration

    4. Response and reward

    The early model of social learning developed by Miller and Dollard included

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 4

    4. 2 and 4

  9. Which of the following responses or skills would be expected of a normal infant within a couple of weeks after birth?

    1. Classical conditioning of sucking reflex

    2. Discriminatory response to human voice

    3. Imitation of some facial expressions of adults

    4. Perception of visual cliff

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  10. Which one of the following is the correct sequence, according to Kohlberg's theory of moral development?

    1. Amoral, pre moral and moral

    2. Pre moral, morality of convention and morality of individual principles

    3. Pre moral, parental injunctions of morality and individuality of moral principles

    4. Amoral, morality of individual principles and morality of sociocultural conventions

  11. Match List-I (Cognitive mechanism) with List-II (Cognitive process) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Assimilation

    2. Adaptation

    3. Conservation

    4. Accommodation

    1. Building mental representation through direct interaction

    2. Fitting new information into existing cognitive frameworks

    3. Alteration of existing concepts following encounter with new information

    4. Understanding that certain attributes of object remain unchanged despite apparent changes

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
  12. A major pathway extending from the primary visual cortex to the parietal lobes seems to specialize in detecting

    1. Colour

    2. Shapes

    3. Lines and angles

    4. Position and motion

  13. The ratio of reflected light to incident light is known as

    1. Albedo

    2. Relative illumination

    3. Brightness constancy

    4. Shading

  14. The potential contribution of oculomotor adjustments to the perception of distance has been identified in terms of

    1. Accommodation, texture gradient and convergence

    2. Texture gradient and convergence

    3. Accommodation and convergence

    4. Accommodation and texture gradient

  15. The ability to perceive depth is mainly

    1. A direct result of the fact that the surface of retina is three-dimensional

    2. Due to specialized receptors on the retina

    3. Accomplished through the use of a variety of perceptual cues

    4. A result of perceptual illusion