Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 29 of 68)

    • Assertion (A): Human beings have the capacity for complex learning.
    • Reason (R): Second order conditioning follows the principle of associating a new stimulus with a natural or existing conditioned stimulus.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): According to Noam Chomsky (1965), phrase structure is merely surface structure, and deep structure only can capture meaning.
    • Reason (R): Transformational grammar contends that meaning is derived from deep structure, accepting changes in surface structure.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Creativity predicts an imaginative order and the same can be accomplished in reality.
    • Reason (R): In creative thinking, intuition precedes reasoning.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): People in different cultures have different language acquisition devices or deep structures.
    • Reason (R): According to Chomsky, the deep structure of language is innate.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Assessment centre is the procedure which makes use of simulations, tests, exercises.
    • Reason (R): It is used to find out the potential of an individual to fit into the roles and demands of the organization.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Neither trait nor type theory can explain total personality.
    • Reason (R): Personality is the interactive effect of individuality and environment.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): The researchers in the field of ethology quite often prefer naturalistic observation as a research method.
    • Reason (R): Naturalistic observation is free from observer bias.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): Hard rational choice along may not, always, be effective in coping with personal stress.
    • Reason (R): Extreme form of rationality is based only on objectivity of world events.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

    • Assertion (A): While carrying out surveys, if possible, random samples are preferred to non-random samples.
    • Reason (R): Random samples usually permit less accurate generalization from samples to populations.
    1. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

    2. Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A

    3. A is true but R is false

    4. A is false but R is true

  1. When organisms direct their behaviour to minimize aversions and maximize desirable outcomes, such an axiom is based on

    1. The readiness principle

    2. The Premack's principle

    3. The Hedonic principle

    4. Reaction Specific Principle

  2. Adler's Concept of creative self is categorized by

    1. Primordial thought patterns which shape personality

    2. The idea that humans are motivated more by their expectations of future than by past experience

    3. A personalized subjective system that interprets the experiences of the organism and makes them meaningful

    4. A unique configuration of motives, traits, interests and values

  3. Self-actualization is a process of

    1. Separating your real needs from your leashed needs

    2. Learning how to motivate yourself

    3. Expecting yourself to perform well when your arousal is low

    4. Achieving and developing your true potential

  4. On hearing about the accident of her father, Radha felt dizzy and fainted immediately. This type of emotional reaction is referred to as

    1. Sympathetic reaction

    2. Parasympathetic reaction

    3. Sympathetic rebound

    4. Parasympathetic rebound

  5. The Thematic Appreception Test involves

    1. Showing the individual pictures and analyzing the responses to study personality in relation to environment

    2. Asking a person complete a complex task and watching the level of arousal induced

    3. Observing how a subject interprets his physiological changes in an emotional situation

    4. Showing a subject a stress inducing movie and playing denial tapes while it is being watched

  6. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Theoretical Description) List-II (Author)
    1. Felt emotion is based on the interpretation of the reasons for bodily arousal

    2. Felt emotions of a person are due to his/her perception of bodily reactions to stimuli

    3. Felt emotions result from appraisal/evaluation/information about the environmental situation, arising out of memories, dispositions, thoughts and states of the body

    4. Felt emotions and bodily reactions in emotions are independent of each other and triggered simultaneously by activity of lower brain areas

    1. Cannon-Bard

    2. Richard-Lazarus

    3. James-Lange

    4. Schachter-singer

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