Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 36 of 68)

  1. Who initiated the explanation of conflicts with the help of valences?

    1. Jean Piaget

    2. Lawrence Kohlberg

    3. Erik Erikson

    4. Kurt Lewin

  2. Which one of the following statements is correct? A person who shows reaction formation

    1. Assigns his or her undesirable qualities to an external object

    2. Completely blocks an anxiety producing impulse from awareness

    3. Conceals a motive by strongly expressing its opposite

    4. Develops repetitive and ritualistic behaviour

  3. Which one of the following is the least useful method of computing reliability when it is difficult to control conditions?

    1. Test-retest

    2. Alternate form

    3. Split half

    4. Rational Equivalence

  4. Consider the following statements: Interscorer reliability is likely to be calculated when a psychologist is developing is likely to be calculated when a psychologist is developing

    1. an aptitude test.

    2. an achievement test with essay questions.

    3. a projective test on personality.

    4. a self-report personality inventory.

    Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

    1. 2 only

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  5. Match List-I (Cranial Nerve) with List-II (Function) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Auditory vestibular

    2. Vagus

    3. Spinal accessory

    1. Neck muscle and viscera

    2. Balance of the body

    3. Eye movement

    4. Heart, blood vessel

    5. Smell

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 5
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 5
      • 3
      • 1
  6. Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I (Nature of Body Substance) List-II (Name)
    1. An enzyme in the adrenergic system which neutralizes non-adrenaline and serotonin

    2. A transmitter chemical which acts as an inhibitor in the CNS

    3. A molecule that encodes genetic information

    4. A chemical which carries information in the cell and might be a ‘memory molecule’

    1. Gama amino-butyric acid (GABA)

    2. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

    3. Monoamine oxidase (MNO)

    4. Tricyclic antidepressants (TAD)

    5. Ribonucleric acid (RNA)

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 5
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 5
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 5
      • 3
      • 5
      • 2
      • 1
  7. Consider the following statements in respect of the glial cells:

    1. They help in regulating neuronal metabolism.

    2. They help in myelinization.

    3. They help in cell proliferation.

    4. They speed up nerve impulse.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 1 and 2

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  8. A man whose corpus callosum of brain has been cut, is seated before a screen and told to stare with his eyes, as motionless as possible, at the central point on the screen. The word ‘Sunday’ is flashed across the screen so that the letter ‘Sun’ appears to the left of central point and the ‘day’ appears to the right. What does the man report seeing?

    1. Sunday

    2. Sun

    3. Day

    4. Blank screen

  9. Due to injury of the brain, a person has lost the ability to read or write and is unable to even locate parts of his own body. Which one of the following parts of the brain has been damages?

    1. The parietal lobe of the left hemisphere

    2. The temporal lobe of the left hemisphere

    3. The frontal lobe

    4. The occipital lobe of the left hemisphere

  10. Match List-I (Endocrine gland) with List-II (Function) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Parathyroid

    2. Thyroid

    3. Adrenal cortex

    4. Adrenal medulla

    1. Raises blood pressure, blood sugar levels

    2. Stimulates the metabolism in the tissue

    3. Disturbances of sodium potassium balance

    4. Level of calcium raised and inorganic phosphate lowered

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
  11. Match List-I (Technique) with List-II (Function) and select the correct answer using the code given below:

    List-I List-II
    1. Electroencephalography (ECG)

    2. Magnetic Resonance

    3. Superconducting Quantum interference Device (SQUID)

    4. Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

    1. Detects the activity of brain by measuring glucose utilization or blood flow

    2. Measures the electrical activity of the brain via electrodes placed at specified location on the skull

    3. Captures image of the brain through its ability to detect tiny charges in magnetic field in the brain

    4. Study the intact brain in which images are obtained by exposing brain to strong magnetic field

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
  12. A theory that children develop a cognitive framework reflecting the beliefs of their society concerning characteristics and roles of males and females, and affecting the processing of new social information is known as

    1. Gender identity theory

    2. Gender schema theory

    3. Gender constancy

    4. Sex role theory

  13. Consider the following statements: The pattern of individuation of development ‘from the whole to the part, from the random to orderly, and from general to the specific’ is characteristic of

    1. maturation of body tissues.

    2. muscular activities.

    3. development of complex emotional adjustments throughout life.

    4. development of complex intellectual adjustments throughout life.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  14. Which one of the following statements is correct? For Kohlberg, the development of morality primarily involves

    1. Cognitive development

    2. Affective development

    3. Neurolinguistic development

    4. Development of coordination

  15. Full time infants confront the world with a number of complex reflexes. Most of these disappear after 4 to 6 months. Some of these reflexes are given below:

    1. Babinski

    2. Stepping

    3. Plantar

    The correct sequence in terms of disappearance of these reflexes will be:

    1. 2 − 3 − 1

    2. 3 − 2 − 1

    3. 3 − 1 − 2

    4. 2 − 1 − 3