Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 51 of 68)

  1. Consider the following steps taken during cognitive behavior therapy for a man suffering from tension headaches:

    1. Record one's feelings, thoughts and behaviour before, during and following the event

    2. Identify expectations or beliefs that might explain the headache reactions

    3. Keep a record of occurrence of headaches and rate severity and circumstances.

    4. Try to change something about the situation or his way of thinking or his behaviour.

    Which is the correct order of steps given above?

    1. 3 − 1 − 2 − 4

    2. 3 − 2 − 1 − 4

    3. 2 − 1 − 4 − 3

    4. 2 − 3 − 4 − 1

  2. Which one of the following is not a function of shared attitudes?

    1. Defining a social group

    2. Establishing identities

    3. Requiring one to behave in a particular way

    4. Guiding one as to how people think and feel

  3. What does the Realistic Conflict theory hold?

    1. Psychological conflict is at the heart of prejudice

    2. Conflict over resources causes prejudice

    3. Faulty cognitive processing causes conflict

    4. Group pressures cause conflict

  4. According to Zajonc's studies, mere exposure to something leads to which one of the following?

    1. Indifference

    2. Hostility

    3. Curiosity

    4. Liking

  5. What do the judgements concerning the question of whether another person's behaviour is caused primarily by internal or external factors, reflect?

    1. Social perception

    2. Causal attribution

    3. Modulating

    4. Stereotyping

  6. ‘Disorders stem primarily from irrational beliefs’ Which one of the therapeutic models follows the assumption given above?

    1. Systematic desensitisation

    2. Cognitive restructuring

    3. Free association

    4. Modelling

  7. Consider the following case: Mr. X suffers from tic-like involuntary movements of the face, mouth and shoulder which may be irreversible, Mr. X suffers from which one of the following?

    1. Dysthymia

    2. Dyskinesia

    3. Dyslexia

    4. Dyscalculia

  8. Suppose a stress reduction training programme for security guards in a shopping mall is to be conducted. In which sequence should the following be administered?

    1. Job analysis

    2. Interview

    3. Training

    4. Administering stress perception questionnaire

    Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

    1. 1 − 3 − 4 − 2

    2. 4 − 2 − 1 − 3

    3. 1 − 2 − 4 − 3

    4. 4 − 3 − 1 − 2

  9. A motor coordination test was scored in terms of deviation scores. Chetan's score was + 5, Varun's score was-12 and Aastha scored 0. Mean of the group was 80, What was the raw score of Aastha?

    1. 85

    2. 82

    3. 80

    4. 68

  10. A girl's fear of cars was overcome by forcing her into the back seat of a car and driving her around for four hours. Which one of the following therapies was used?

    1. Implosion therapy

    2. Flooding

    3. Stimulus augmentation

    4. Systematic desensitisation

  11. Which one of the following is not an auditory cue for localising sound source?

    1. Binaural time difference

    2. Binaural distance difference

    3. Binaural phase difference

    4. Binaural intensity difference

  12. Which is the correct chronological sequence of the following events in the history of modem psychology?

    1. Freud published The Interpretation of Dreams.

    2. William James published ‘Principles of Psychology’

    3. Wilhelm Wundt established a psychology laboratory at Leipzig University. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

      1. 1 − 2 − 3

      2. 3 − 2 − 1

    4. 2 − l − 3

    5. 1 − 3 − 2

  13. Learned helplessness stems from which one of the following?

    1. Social distancing of the individual

    2. Exposure to situations in which there is no possibility of escape or avoidance

    3. Encroachment of another individual on the personal space of a person

    4. Inadequate social interaction

  14. People in every culture express emotions with the same facial gestures. What are such gestures known as?

    1. Particular

    2. Not culture specific

    3. Innate

    4. Learned

  15. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Motor neuron
      • Multipolar neuron
      • Sensory neuron
      • Unipolar neuron
      • Inter neuron
      • Projection neuron
      • Local circuit neuron
      • Bipolar neuron