Competitive Exams: Psychology MCQs (Practice-Test 6 of 68)

  1. In a correlational research, the variables can be controlled by

    1. experimenter's manipulation and observation

    2. observation and selection

    3. selection and statistical techniques

    4. experimenter's manipulation and statistical techniques

  2. Which one of the following statements regarding field experiments is not true?

    1. Field experiments require investigators who are specially skilled for intervening in social situations

    2. The greatest difficulty in field experiments lies in the randomization and manipulation of the independent variable

    3. Field experiments are concerned with causal relationship but not with the direction of relationship

    4. Field experiments are carried out in natural settings

  3. If, in an experiment, neither the subjects nor the experimenter knows which subjects are in experimental group and which are in control group, then the design is known as

    1. double-blind subjects study

    2. double-blind study

    3. double-blind deception study

    4. double-blind experimenter study

  4. Which one of the following procedures would be most appropriate for assessing the effectiveness of an anti-anxiety drug?

    1. Administering capsules to anxious patients and studying changes in their moods

    2. Administering capsules to anxious and non-anxious groups and comparing their changes in mood later

    3. Administering capsules to anxious and non-anxious groups, adding a placebo group and thereafter comparing mood patterns of the three groups

    4. Administering capsules to both anxious and depressed patients initially and studying their changes in mood later

  5. Which one of the following groups is used in studies for sorting out the effects due to nature/nurture?

    1. Identical twins and fraternal twins

    2. Fraternal twins arid adopted

    3. Adopted and identical twins

    4. Identical twins, fraternal twins and adopted

  6. Comparing developmental norms with actual record of behaviour of a normal child will show the greatest variation in the area of

    1. intelligence

    2. motor development

    3. speech development

    4. social behaviour

  7. Consider the following data: Type of Twins Coefficient of concordance

    1. Monozygotic twins reared together 0.75

    2. Monozygotic twins reared apart 0.52

    3. Dizvgotic twins reared together 0.70

    4. Dizygotic twins reared apart 0.20

    Based on the above data, which one of the following conclusions can be drawn?

    1. Heredity is a more important determinant of the characteristics than environment

    2. Environment is a more important determinant of the characteristics than heredity

    3. Both heredity and environment are equally important

    4. The information provided is insufficient to warrant any conclusion

  8. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

      • Mass-action differentiation
      • Gross to precise response
      • Cephalocaudal sequence
      • Head to tail direction
      • Proximodistal sequence
      • Centre to periphery direction
      • Curvilinear growth
      • Unidirectional progression
  9. Which one of the following statements regarding electrical activity of the brain is not correct?

    1. The dream is accompanied by alpha waves

    2. Delta waves are usually not found during deep sleep

    3. Theta waves are prominent in children in the age group of two to five years

    4. Beta II waves appear during tension or during intense activation of central nervous system

  10. Match List I (Impairment due to focal brain damage) with List II (Psychological symptoms) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Agnosia

    2. Agraphia

    3. Apraxia

    4. Astereognosis

    1. Difficulty in recognizing objects or forms by touch

    2. Difficulty in writing language

    3. Difficulty in recognizing certain familiar objects

    4. Disturbances of memory of movements

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
  11. According to Adler, which one of the following is the primary motivation of human behaviour?

    1. Sex

    2. Social interest

    3. Quest for pleasure

    4. Striving for superiority

  12. Consider the following statements regarding differences between interest and attitudes:

    1. Interests are always positive (favourable) in direction, while attitudes may be positive or negative (favourable or unfavourable)

    2. Interest are directed towards specific objects and persons, while attitudes tend to be broader in scope, being directed towards such targets as races, nations, groups and general ideas and issues

    3. Attitudes are morepasskte than interests

    4. interest are measured through projective tests while attitudes are measured through objective tests

    Which of the above statements are correct?

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  13. Consider the following needs:

    1. Safety

    2. Physiological

    3. Belongingness

    4. Esteem

    5. Selfactualization

    According to Maslow's theory of hierarchy of needs, the correct sequence in ascending order of these needs is

    1. 2, 1, 4, 5, 3

    2. 1, 2, 4, 3, 5

    3. 1, 2, 3, 5, 4

    4. 2, 1, 3, 4, 5

  14. Match List I (Assumptions) with List II (Authors) and select the correct answer:

    List-I List-II
    1. Patterns of human behaviour are regulated and directed by cognitive structures

    2. The behaviour followed by satisfying consequences will be sentenced

    3. The demand for a particular goal object motivates the individual and this demand is assumed to be governed by deprivation and incentive

    4. Causes of behaviour can be determined by exploring the unconscious level of the personality of an individual

    1. E L Thorndike

    2. Sigmund Freud

    3. Tolman

    4. Kurt Lewin

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
  15. ‘Most people tend to believe that justice triumphs in the world and that people get rewards and punishments they deserve.’ This is referred to as

    1. altruism

    2. make-believe

    3. just world hypothesis

    4. super ego