Psychology Most Important Questions with Answers Paper Analysis

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1. “Human beings respond to their subjective cognitions about their world rather than to the objective environment” is an argument for the effectiveness of: (a) Primal therapy (b) Freudian therapy (c) Cognitive therapy (d) Rankian therapy

Answer: C

2. How can morality covertly enter the therapy session? (a) By having ministers take over the role of therapist (b) By the use of techniques to alter a sexual preference (c) By allowing an insane person into therapy (d) By allowing philosophers of ethics to become therapists Answer: C

3. Research on the role of reinforcement in insight therapy has found that: (a) It does not play a role (b) It does play a role (c) It has an effect only on dependent patients (d) It plays a role in highly structured therapy situation Answer: C

4. The notion that aggression can be reduced by allowing angry individuals to engage harmless activities that allow them to “blow off self-esteem” is: (a) Frustration-aggression hypothesis (b) Displacement hypothesis (c) Sublimation hypothesis (d) Catharsis hypothesis

Answer: C

5. A person behavior is usually attributed to external causes when all but one of the following conditions exist: (a) Others act in the same way (b) The person acts the same way at other times (c) The person acts differently in other situations (d) The person seems aware of the environment

Answer: C

6. A study of gastric ulceration in response to stress produced by shock found that the most ulceration was shown by rates who: (a) Only heard a tone but received no shock (b) Received varying levels of shock (c) Could predict the onset of shock (d) Could not predict the onset of shock

Answer: B

7. Studies of crowding have found that crowding: (a) Depends only on physical density (b) Affects mainly females (c) Can intensify feelings (d) Has negative effects only among the elderly

Answer: A

8. What procedure is used by experimenters to determine whether a difference between conditions is an experiment is large enough for us to have confidence in its validity? (a) Correlation co-efficient (b) Scientific intuition (c) Statistical analysis (d) None of these Answer: B

9. “Double approach-avoidance” conflict is: (a) Approaching a problem from two different angles (b) A doubly strong tendency to approach an object (c) Being faced with a choice between two equally attractive goals (d) Choosing between two equally attractive objects such that the choice of one means giving up the other

Answer: C

10. Which of the following is not one of the factors, which tend to hinder the fairness of intelligence tests for lower class children (a) Inappropriate norms (b) Items requiring certain experience (c) Test assume test-taking skills (d) Test givers bias the result

Answer: B

11. As E scores of I-E scale show a general trend upward: (a) People show more reserve suspicion and withdrawal (b) Assassinations and events like Watergate and Vietnam increase (c) The ability for people to openly express themselves decrease (d) Both A and C Answer: B