Public Administration 2011-Solved MCQs Competitive Exams Set 2

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(xi) The famous Hawthorne experiments were conducted by:

(a) Elton Mayo

(b) Abraham H. Maslow

(c) Mark Twain

(d) None of these

Answer: (a)

(xii) “Hawthorne effect” refers to increase in productivity because of:

(a) Good physical working environment

(b) Secure job

(c) Presence of observers

(d) None of these

Answer: (c)

(xiii) Maslow՚s highest need in his “hierarchy of needs” was:

(a) Love or affiliation needs

(b) Self – actualization needs

(c) Esteem needs

(d) None of these

Answer: (b)

(xiv) “The average human being inherently dislikes work”

(a) An assumption of theory X

(b) An assumption of theory Y

(c) An assumption of theory Z

(d) None of these

Answer: (a)

(xv) Spoils system refers to:

(a) Management through objectives

(b) Public sector concept of staffing

(c) Awarding jobs to political supporters

(d) None of these

Answer: (b)

(xvi) Deficit financing is:

(a) Excess revenues

(b) Excess expenditures

(c) Both of these

(d) None of these

Answer: (b)

(xvii) Performance audit is used as a comparison between:

(a) Actual expenditure and booked expenditure

(b) Revenue collected and potential revenue

(c) Activities of an organization with the assigned objectives

(d) None of these

Answer: (c)

(xviii) A whistle blower in an organization is a person:

(a) Who reveals bad things about his department to the public

(b) Who is a good singer

(c) Who is assigned security duties

(d) None of these

Answer: (a)

(xix) The budget cycle is:

(a) The duration for which it is applicable

(b) The process through which it has to go

(c) The time frame of preparation

(d) None of these

Answer: (b)

(xx) Group dynamics refers to:

(a) Nature of a group

(b) Development of a group

(c) Interrelationship of a group

(d) All of these

Answer: (c)

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