Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice_Test 1 of 95)

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  1. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
    1. Racial inter-mixture leads to degeneration
    2. The concept of pure race is a myth
    3. Inter-mixture of races is universal
    4. No race is superior or inferior to any other race
  2. Consider the following theories:
    1. Evolutionist
    2. Diffusionist
    3. Functionalist
    4. Phenomenologist

    Which of these theories adopt a holistic view of culture?

    1. 1 and 2
    2. 2 and 4
    3. 1 and 3
    4. 3 and 4
  3. When inherent superiority of a people over another is legitimized in terms of biological attributes, it is called:
    1. racism
    2. ethnicity
    3. society
    4. cultural pride
  4. Which one of the following is an example of role-set?
    1. A teacher՚s relationship with his pupils, colleagues, the principal and parents
    2. A teacher as husband, father, sportsman and social activist
    3. A teacher becoming later a head of the department, a principal and a registrar
    4. A student becoming a husband, a father and a grandfather over a period of time
  5. Pronatalism refers to the:
    1. view that a person should not have as many children as possible
    2. view that only the child can provide sustenance and salvation to the family
    3. strong positive value a society places on having children
    4. view that vitality of the family depends upon the strong physique of the child
  6. The view that without using the values of one՚s own cultured to judge all others is known as:
    1. individualism
    2. ethnocentrism
    3. culture of objectivity
    4. cultural relativism
  7. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:
    1. Pan-Egyptian Cultural Approach
    2. Cultural Historical Approach
    3. Structural Approach
    4. Evolutionary Approach
    1. L H Morgan
    2. Elliot Smith
    3. F Graebner
    4. C Levi Strauss
    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
  8. According to T Parsons, there are three modes of the following motivational orientation. Which one is not included in these modes?
    1. Cognitive orientation
    2. Cathertic orientation
    3. Appreciative orientation
    4. Evaluative orientation
  9. Clark Wissler demonstrated that in each restricted area of a culture, a central of dispersal could be identified, People living on the borders of two culture areas share the features of both. Such areas are called:
    1. areas of cultural parallels
    2. areas of cultural similarities
    3. areas of cultural amalgamation
    4. marginal areas
  10. The fact that diffusion is possible shows that:
    1. evolution is a mistaken doctrine
    2. societies have fixed genetic constitutions
    3. evolution cannot be precisely unilinear
    4. progress is inevitable
  11. Which one of the following covers the situation where a TV commentator would?
    1. Diffusion
    2. Cultural lag
    3. Communication gap
    4. Technological lag
  12. Ethnocentrism refers to:
    1. appreciating cultural traits of other groups
    2. the tendency of a cultural group to uphold and sustain traditional culture
    3. the attitude that one՚s own culture or group is superior to another
    4. the attempt to modernize traditional cultural values
  13. According to T Parsons behaviour becomes action when four conditions are present. Which among the following conditions is not one of them?
    1. Orientation to attainment of ends
    2. Occurrence in particular situations
    3. Being regulated by norms and values of the individual actor
    4. Involvement of an emotional investment of energy
  14. Which one of the following is social relationship?
    1. Two armies facing each other
    2. Thirty candidates seated in an examination hail
    3. People running for shelter during a sudden downpour
    4. Cinema viewers and actors on the screen
  15. A man, who has accumulated a lot of black money, constructs a hospital for cancer patients and poses himself as a saviour of the downtrodden. This is an example of:
    1. role insulation
    2. counterfeit role
    3. false role
    4. role-set

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