Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 18 of 95)

  1. A legitimate right to give certain orders or commands is called

    1. power

    2. authority

    3. influence

    4. cohesion

  2. Consider the following statements: Culture is

    1. learned

    2. transmitted from one generation to another

    3. non-material

    4. dynamic

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  3. The tendency to see one's own ideas, beliefs and practices superior to that of others is called

    1. xenophobia

    2. self-orientation

    3. ego-centrism

    4. ethnocentrism

  4. Which one of the following terms is used to explain the slate of cultural system in which the cultural elements change in unequal rates disrupting the harmony between material and non-material aspects?

    1. Cultural disintegration

    2. Cultural disorganization

    3. Cultural lag

    4. Cultural ambivalence

  5. Consider the following statements about cultural relativism:

    1. It is the tendency to evaluate other cultures in terms of our own culture.

    2. Each society is evaluated in terms of its own circumstances and values.

    3. The contemporary society is evaluated to relation to its past.

    4. Actions that are moral in some societies might be immoral in others.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 4

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 2 and 4

  6. A social situation where two or more conflicting groups resolve not to fight further, to adjust with each other leaving the causes of conflict unresolved and agreeing to get certain benefits on mutual basis is conceptualized as the process of:

    1. cooperation

    2. adjustment

    3. integration

    4. accommodation

  7. Which one of the following is important to differentiate between the social group and the social category?

    1. Size of the groups

    2. Reciprocal communication

    3. Geographical location

    4. Formal rules and regulations

  8. Which one of the following statements is correct?

    1. Primary groups can never arise within secondary groups

    2. Primary groups may arise within secondary groups

    3. Secondary groups are less important than primary groups

    4. Primary groups are less important than secondary groups

  9. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:

    List-I (Groups) List-II (Sociologist)
    1. Primary group

    2. Statistical group

    3. Reference group

    4. In-group and out-group

    1. R K Merton

    2. CH Cooley

    3. W G Sumner

    4. R Bierdstedt

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 1
      • 4
  10. Which one of the following may become a reference group for a given person?

    1. They group to which the person belongs or does not belong

    2. Only that group to which the person does not belong

    3. Only that group to which the person belongs

    4. Only that group of which the person is a member only on the basis of achievement

  11. Which one of the following statements correctly defines role-set?

    1. Different roles played by different persons of different statuses

    2. Different roles played by the same person in different capacities

    3. Different roles played by the same person in same capacity

    4. Similar roles played by different persons of same status

  12. The sociological terms used to describe the statuses of intern, resident and independent medical practitioner successively occupied by a medical student is:

    1. status sequence

    2. status groups

    3. status set

    4. achieved status

  13. Consider the following statements:

    1. An activity of a person to discharge obligations associated with his/her position is called role.

    2. A situation in which a person is confronted with compatible role expectations is called role conflict.

    3. Different roles to be performed by a person holding different positions in different groups is called role set.

    4. A position of an individual within a system of social stratification is called status.

    Which of these are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 2 and 4

    4. 3 and 4

  14. Consider the following statements:

    1. A norm is a standard of socially approved behaviour while a value is an idea about what is good, right, wise or beneficial.

    2. A norm is always backed by operative sanctions whereas a value is not.

    3. Values are general but norms are specific.

    4. Norms are cultural traits but values are not.

    Which of these are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  15. Illegal activities carried out by professionals and business man are called:

    1. organized crimes

    2. alienations

    3. juvenile delinquencies

    4. white collar crimes