Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice_Test 2 of 95)

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  1. Diachronic orientation in cultural analysis is not present in the theories of:
    1. historical particularism
    2. evolutionism
    3. diffusionism
    4. structuralism
  2. Coercion refers to:
    1. use of physical force to gain one՚s interest
    2. large-scale violence leading to disruption of social life
    3. prevalence of warring groups in society
    4. social interaction in which one person or group forces its will on another
  3. Who among the following is not a contributor to the studies on acculturation?
    1. Linton
    2. Redfield
    3. Herskovits
    4. Ogburn
  4. The main difference between class and status is that:
    1. the former refers to economic group and the latter to hereditary ranking of family
    2. the former is associated with ownership of means of production and the latter with styles of life
    3. the former refers to personal power and the latter is associated with privileges that one enjoys
    4. the former refers to acquisition of political power and the latter to gain of social power
  5. Who among the following drew a distinction between social structure and structural form?
    1. Redcliffe Brown
    2. S F Nadel
    3. Edmund Leach
    4. Evans-Pritchard
  6. Routinization of charisma refers to the process by which the personal qualities of a charismatic leader are
    1. incorporated in the characteristics of an organization
    2. the wide acceptance of the leadership quality of the charismatic leader by his followers
    3. the high normative standard of the actions of charismatic leader
    4. the ultimate goal which the charismatic leader has attained
  7. Which one of the following is common to classes, estates and castes?
    1. Hierarchically arranged income groups
    2. Hierarchically arranged strata
    3. Hierarchically arranged hereditary groups
    4. Horizontal stratas typical of certain societies
  8. Structural differentiation refers to:
    1. progressive specialization and autonomous functioning of social units
    2. changes in the structural forms of social units
    3. the process of evaluation and ranking of social institutions
    4. the proliferation of social units
  9. Who among the following held the view that we cannot talk of social structure in the singular?
    1. Levi-Strauss
    2. Mayer Fortes
    3. S F Nadel
    4. Talcott Parsons
  10. Sumner referred to his model of society as
    1. development model
    2. conflict model
    3. consensus model
    4. progressive model
  11. Consider the following characteristics:
    1. A network of social relationships
    2. Totality of population
    3. Provision for membership by birth
    4. Comprehensive culture

    The major characteristics of society would include

    1. 1,2 and 3
    2. 2,3 and 4
    3. 1,2 and 4
    4. 1,3 and 4
  12. Merton speaks of three characteristics of a group membership. According to Merton, which one of the following is not a characteristic of social group?
    1. Frequency of interaction
    2. Interacting persons defining themselves as members
    3. Persons in interaction being defined by others as belonging to the group
    4. Intended all social activities
  13. Which one of the following constitutes a primary group?
    1. All inmates of a prison
    2. Sugarcane plantation workers
    3. Members of Alcoholics of metropolis
    4. Mother and her three children
  14. A group which does not allow a person to join similar other groups at one and the same time is called
    1. disjunctive group
    2. overlapping group
    3. exclusive group
    4. congregate group
  15. Who held the view that the primary groups are the breeding grounds of our mores and the nurse of our loyalities?
    1. Cooley
    2. Tonnies
    3. Maclver
    4. Sumner

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