Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice_Test 44 of 95)

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  1. Who among the following eminent sociologists on the basis of study of a particular society predicted that in the post-world. War II period, there Will be an isolation, differentiation and specialization of the nuclear family as a bounded subsystem of the society?

    1. G P Murdock

    2. Talcott Parsons

    3. W J Goode

    4. R D Laing

  2. Which, among the following factors, have interacted with the family and gave impetus to the second wave of feminists in 1960s to view the family with scepticism?

    1. Legislation impacting gender, personal law and international migration.

    2. Increased female labour force participation.

    3. Advances in science, information and communication technologies.

    4. New reproductive technologies.

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  3. Which one of the following statements is correct? Rules of residence after marriage form an important variable in a kinship system and thereby substantially affect

    1. the human behaviour by which goods are produced, distributed and consumed

    2. the quality of personal relations within the kin network

    3. the process of inducting kinship in the political culture

    4. the human capacity for symbolic communication or language

  4. The Nayar taravad system was based on which one of the following?

    1. Neolocal residence patterns

    2. Virilocal residence patterns

    3. Natolocal residence patterns AV

    4. Uxorilocal residence patterns

  5. Logical relations exist between residence rules and descent group structure. Patrilineal descent systems correlate with either neolocal or patrivirilocal residence patterns. Which of the following patterns of residence do the matrilineal descent systems correlate with?

    1. Neolocal, patrivirilocal and uxorilocal only

    2. Neolocal, avunculocal and uxorilocal only

    3. Neolocal, patrivirilocal and avunculocal only

    4. Neolocal, patrivirilocal, avunculocal and uxorilocal

  6. Solving a major problem in conceptualising the term of “descent” who among the following scholars distinguished ‘descent from inheritance’ and confined the term ‘descent’ to membership of a group only?

    1. A I Richards

    2. W W R Rivers

    3. M Fortes

    4. J A Barnes

  7. Consider the following statements

    1. The Nuer are patrilineal and the Khasi are matrilineal

    2. The Beduoin are patrilineal and the Hopi are matrilineal

    3. The Garo are matrilineal and the Toda are patrilineal Which of the statements given above are correct?

      1. 1 and 2

      2. 2 and 3

      3. 1 and 3

      4. 1, 2 and 3

  8. Double descent or duolineal transmission of descent group membership involves which one of the following?

    1. Patrilineal transmission of one set of attributes and matrilineal transmission of another set

    2. Transmission equally through both parents

    3. Transmission in which descent lines are sex-specific i.e.. Men transmit to their sons and women to their daughters

    4. Transmission in which descent lines are such that men transmitto their daughters and women to their sons

  9. Consider the following statements Without taking into account the complete set of rules and practices governing the ownership, control and inheritance of property, it is not possible to fully understand and study

    1. family types.

    2. marriage types.

    3. marriage prestations.

    4. prestations at funeral ceremonies.

    5. rules governing divorce settlements.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 5

    3. 3, 4 and 5

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  10. Consider the following statements

    1. Primogeniture refers to inheritance by the first born child.

    2. Ultimogeniture refers to inheritance by the last born child.

    3. Primogeniture refers to inheritance by the most favourite child.

    Which of the statements given above are correct?

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 2 and 3

    3. 1 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  11. Increased affluence leads industrial workers to adopt middle class values and style of life. This process is termed by J. H. Goldthorpe as which one of the following?

    1. Bourgeoisation of workers

    2. Embourgeoisation of workers

    3. Affluent workers

    4. Middle class workers

  12. Who pointed out that economic behaviour of individuals in the “market situation” for exchange of goods and materials through “price war” helps to segregate classes in the society?

    1. Max Weber

    2. Karl Marx

    3. T Veblen

    4. N J Smelser

  13. Which of the following features were involved among the jatis and families in a village by the ‘Jajmani system’ an important aspect of traditional village life in India?

    1. Interdependence and reciprocity

    2. Co-operation and conflict

    3. Dominance and exploitation

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 1 and 2

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1, 2 and 3

  14. What is the process in which castes placed lower in the caste hierarchy and seek upward mobility by emulating the practices of upper castes?

    1. Kshatriyization

    2. Sanskritization

    3. Brahmanization

    4. Modernisation

  15. According to K Davis and W. Moore, what does social stratification imply?

    1. Inequality in the political and economic structure of a society

    2. Unequal division of material rewards and social prestige based on unequal, functional importance of positions

    3. Inequality on the basis of market situation and life chances

    4. Unnecessary division of a society as all positions of a society are equally, functionally important