Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice_Test 48 of 95)

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  1. Which of the following is/are not correct of pressure groups?
    1. They are political groups.
    2. They promote special interests.
    3. They contest elections.
    4. They influence the distribution of political power.

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 2 and 3
    2. 1 only
    3. 3 only
    4. 3 and 4
  2. Which of the following is/are the salient functions of a pressure group in a capitalist system?
    1. Bargaining for wage
    2. To demand better work conditions
    3. To demand better employer and employee relations

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 1 only
    2. 2 and 3
    3. 1 and 3
    4. 1,2 and 3
  3. Who was die author of Democracy in America which explained the essence-of American culture and values?
    1. Alexis de Tocqueville
    2. Albert K. Cohen
    3. R. Clifford Shaw
    4. Milton Gordon
  4. What does the end-of-ideology theory refer to?
    1. Loss of workers ′ dependence on political ideology
    2. Decline in workers՚ political participation
    3. Workers ′ disbelief in all ideologies
    4. Workers՚ increasing participation in party politics and elections
  5. Under which plan, a separate sub-plan was made for tribals to promote Integrated Tribal Development?
    1. First five year plan
    2. Third five year plan
    3. Fourth five year plan
    4. Fifth five year plan
  6. Which Article of the Constitution of India has a provision, specifying a particular tribe as a Scheduled Tribe?
    1. Article 342
    2. Article 343
    3. Article 344
    4. Article 345
  7. Which Article of the Constitution of India provides for a National Commission for scheduled castes?
    1. Article 224
    2. Article 324
    3. Article 335
    4. Article 338
  8. Tebhaga movement was organised primarily for
    1. two-third share for die share-croppers
    2. higher wages for the agricultural labourers
    3. lower rent for the landlord
    4. increase in wages for women labourers
  9. Most of the peasant movements addressed to which problem?
    1. Land redistribution
    2. Power struggle by underprivileged castes
    3. Abolition of zamindari and jagirdari
    4. All of the above
  10. Appiko Movement is predominantly directed against which one of the following?
    1. Alcohol consumption
    2. Forest degradation
    3. Domestic violence
    4. Engagement of bonded labour
  11. Milton Singer and Mekim Marriott studied social change in India using which concept?
    1. Westernisation and modernisation
    2. Little and great traditions
    3. Structure and function
    4. Industrialisation and neo-liberal economics
  12. Which of the following criteria was/were formulated by the Kaka Kalelkar Commission in 1953 for identifying social and educationally backward classes?
    1. Low social position in the traditional caste hierarchy of Hindu society.
    2. Lack of general educational advancement.
    3. Lack of representation in government services.

    Select the correct answer by using the code given below

    1. 1 only
    2. 1 and3
    3. 2 and 3
    4. 1,2 and 3
  13. Which one of the following factors is significant in the deterministic theory of social change?
    1. Single factor
    2. Double factor
    3. Multiple factor
    4. Inner factor
  14. Who, among the following believes that ‘ideas’ may independently affect the direction of social change?
    1. K Davis
    2. Max Weber
    3. V Pareto
    4. L R Burns
  15. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
    1. Functionalist approach to social change, as a whole tends to see the world as a mostly stable place.
    2. Many sociologists have criticized functionalism for its seeming inability to explain change.
    3. Historical materialist approach to social change enjoys more of a connection conflict theory and analyses of power in both social and economic manifestations.
    4. The historical, materialist and functionalist interpretations are mutually exculsive.

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