Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 71 of 95)

  1. The concepts of ‘Mechanical Solidarity’ and ‘Organic Solidarity’ were developed by:

    1. H Spencer

    2. C Levi-Strauss

    3. A. R Redcliffe Brown

    4. E Durkheim

  2. Students saying ‘Good Morning’ to the teacher is an example of:

    1. folkways

    2. mores

    3. laws

    4. morals

  3. Who among the following defines deviance as a gap between cultural goals and institutionalized means of achieving them?

    1. Durkheim

    2. Merton

    3. Taylor

    4. Becker

  4. Which of the following are likely to happen to an hitherto dominant culture if there is reaction against acculturation?

    1. It will combine the old and the new in a new mosaic

    2. It will condemn the cultural degeneration

    3. It will defend its heritage

    4. It will express its resentment through aggression or phantasy

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 2 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  5. Which of the following are likely to happen if a situation is characterized by ethnocentrism?

    1. Everything will be measured in the terms of one's own cultural standard and found wanting

    2. Indigeneous goods will be regarded as somehow defective

    3. Members of other cultures will be less acceptable

    4. The traditional beliefs and characteristics of other cultures will be ridiculed

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2, 3 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2 and 4

  6. When two cultural groups come in contact with each other and consequently, in due course of time, one group borrows so heavily from the other that it loses its own identity and gets itself finally absorbed in the other group. This process is known as

    1. enculturation

    2. socialization

    3. integration

    4. assimilation

  7. Competition has been described as ‘peaceful conflict’ by:

    1. Spencer

    2. Coser

    3. Weber

    4. Frazer

  8. Socialization takes place:

    1. during childhood

    2. during young age

    3. during the whole life

    4. at different intervals

  9. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. Significant others

    2. Looking-glass self

    3. Collective representation

    4. Id, ego and superego

    1. Freud

    2. Cooley

    3. Mead

    4. Durkheim

    5. Jung

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 4
      • 5
      • 1
      • 3
      • 3
      • 2
      • 4
      • 1
      • 3
      • 5
      • 4
      • 2
  10. The process by which the group-values are internalized by the individual is called:

    1. assimilation

    2. integration

    3. socialization

    4. accommodation

  11. Which one of the following is not determined by the ‘Rules of Descent’

    1. One's consanguineal relations

    2. Inheritance of properly

    3. Line of succession

    4. Matrimonial relations

  12. Which of the following pairs are properly contrasted?

    1. Primogeniture: Ultimogeniture

    2. Exogamy: Endogamy

    3. Family of orientation: Family of procreation

    4. Residually joint family: Potentially joint family

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2, 3 and 4

    4. 1, 2, 3 and 4

  13. Ceremonies that mark a critical transition in the life of an individual from one phase of life cycle to another are called:

    1. role taking

    2. Rites of passage

    3. status crystallization

    4. status-set

  14. A type of marriage known as Levirate is the one that takes place between a man and a woman is:

    1. sister of his deceased wife

    2. widow of his deceased brother

    3. woman of inferior caste

    4. woman of a superior caste