Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 75 of 95)

  1. There are three stages of development of Society, namely savagery arbarism and civilization, according to:

    1. Darwin

    2. Morgan

    3. Spencer

    4. Bachofen

  2. When cultural norms and values are transmitted from generation to generation, the process is called

    1. cultural reproduction

    2. acculturation

    3. cultural diffusion

    4. cultural stimulation

  3. Kroeber reported that an American Indian seeing the advantages of writing through contact with the whites invented a system called syllabary with eighty six symbols. This is an example of:

    1. discontinuous diffusion

    2. acculturation

    3. diffuseness

    4. stimulus diffusion

  4. When a person believes that his culture is superior to other cultures, it is called

    1. ethnicity

    2. ethnocentrism

    3. cultural snobbery

    4. cultural relativism

  5. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer by using the codes given below the lists:

    List-I List-II
    1. A daughter-in-law covers her head in the presence of her father-in-law

    2. Action guided by ethical or aesthetic considerations

    3. Actions arising out of spontaneous excitement

    4. A worker lakes up a job in order to earn money with a view to meeting his needs

    1. Affectual

    2. Wert rational

    3. Zweck rational

    4. Traditional

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 3
      • 4
      • 2
      • 4
      • 3
      • 1
      • 2
      • 4
      • 2
      • 1
      • 3
  6. The subsystems of action as developed by Parsons include:

    1. social system, cultural system and personality system

    2. social system, political system and cultural system

    3. cultural system, political system and economic system

    4. economic system, social system and biological system

  7. Role conflict arises when:

    1. an individual has to perform a number of roles simultaneously

    2. an individual has to perform a role which is socially not approved

    3. an individual has to perform two roles incompatible with one another

    4. the performance of a role pushes the individual into conflict with other individuals

  8. The view that the tribal people should be allowed to retain their special characteristics while becoming a part of the mainstream, is known as:

    1. cultural relativism

    2. acculturation

    3. assimilation

    4. isolationism

  9. Who among the following used the distinction between the repressive and the restitutive law as the basis for classifying societies?

    1. Max Weber

    2. Henri Maine

    3. Montesque

    4. Emile Durkheim

  10. Which of the following characteristics used for defining a law?

    1. A rule

    2. Justice

    3. Political authority

    4. State power

    Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 2 and 4

    3. 1, 3 and 4

    4. 2, 3 and 4

  11. People who have similar incomes or are alike in other ways such as age, occupation and education are sociologically known as

    1. social categories

    2. quasi-groups

    3. social classes

    4. secondary groups

  12. Consider the following groups:

    1. A political party of one's choice

    2. One's religion

    3. One's enemy

    4. One's favourite teacher

    Among these groups, reference include group (s) would

    1. 1, 2, 3 and 4

    2. 1, 3 and 4

    3. 2 and 4

    4. 2 alone

  13. Which one of the following does not represent ascribed status?

    1. A father

    2. A priest

    3. A brahmin

    4. An eta

  14. The concept of recruitment roles was used by:

    1. Ralph Linton

    2. Talcott Parsons

    3. S F Nadel

    4. Hoffman

  15. Which one of the following concepts implies that each social status involves not a single associated role but an array of roles?

    1. Multiple roles

    2. Status sequence

    3. Status-set

    4. Role-set