Competitive Exams: Sociology MCQs (Practice-Test 90 of 95)

  1. Match List I (Scholar) with List II (Views on Family) and select the correct answer using the codes given below the Lists

    List-I (Scholar) List-II (Views on Family)
    1. Morgan

    2. Westermark

    3. Briffault

    4. Murdock

    1. In the beginning of human society, there was neither family nor marriage

    2. Family was the outcome of male possessiveness

    3. The supreme authority of mother in all family matters

    4. Family is a multifunctional institution

    • A
    • B
    • C
    • D
      • 1
      • 2
      • 3
      • 4
      • 3
      • 4
      • 1
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4
      • 3
      • 2
      • 3
      • 2
      • 1
      • 4

    Answer: d

  2. Consider the following statements:

    1. Modern political systems combine power and authority as they are needed to regulate public affairs.

    2. Power and authority are two different things. Power is the capacity of the individual to take independent actions while authority goes with office; officials cannot take action without authority.

    3. Power and authority are one and the same. They go together.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 1, 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 2

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

    Answer: a

  3. Consider the following statements:

    1. Equal access to property, power and prestige ends up in social stratification.

    2. Differential access to property, power and prestige ends up in social stratification.

    3. Unequal access to property, power and prestige ends up in social stratification.

    Which of these statements is/are correct?

    1. 1 only

    2. 2 only

    3. 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 3

    Answer: c

  4. Who pointed out that social stratification is needed to ensure effective role allocation and role performance?

    1. Moore and Parsons

    2. Davis and Parsons

    3. Parsons and Weber

    4. Davis and Moore

    Answer: d

  5. Which one of the following represents a form of differentiation and not stratification?

    1. Class

    2. Gender

    3. Caste

    4. Sex

    Answer: d

  6. Consider the following statements: Functionalist theory of stratification states that

    1. social stratification is a necessity.

    2. every society must select among individual members to fill a wide variety of social positions.

    3. in order to attract the most talented individuals to each position, society must set up a system of differential rewards.

    Which of these statements are correct?

    1. 2 and 3

    2. 1 and 3

    3. 1, 2 and 3

    4. 1 and 2

    Answer: c