Exams: Subjective Theory and Model Questions (Part 6 of 9)

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Difference between Vote on Account and Interim Budget? Vote-on-account deals only with the expenditure side of the government՚s budget, an interim Budget is a complete set of accounts, including both expenditure and receipts.

What is SDR? The SDR (Special Drawing Rights) is an artificial currency created by the IMF in 1969. SDRs are allocated to member countries and can be fully converted into international currencies so they serve as a supplement to the official foreign reserves of member countries. Its value is based on a basket of key international currencies (U. S. Dollar, euro, yen and pound sterling) .

What is SEZ? SEZ means Special Economic Zone is the one of the part of government՚s policies in India. A special Economic zone is a geographical region that economic laws which are more liberal than the usual economic laws in the country. The basic motto behind this is to increase foreign investment, development of infrastructure, job opportunities and increase the income level of the people.

What is corporate governance? The way in which a company is governed and how it deals with the various interests of its customers, shareholders, employees and society at large. Corporate governance is the set of processes, customs, policies, laws, and institutions affecting the way a corporation (or company) is directed, administered or controlled. Is defined as the general set of customs, regulations, habits, and laws that determine to what end a firm should be run.

Functions of RBI? The Reserve Bank of India is the central bank of India, was established on April 1,1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The Reserve Bank of India was set up on the recommendations of the Hilton Young Commission. The commission submitted its report in the year 1926, though the bank was not set up for nine years. To regulate the issue of Bank Notes and keeping of reserves with a view to securing monetary stability in India and generally to operate the currency and credit system of the country to its advantage. “Banker to the Government” Performs merchant banking function for the central and the state governments; also acts as their banker. Banker to banks: Maintains banking accounts of all scheduled banks.

What is monetary policy? A Monetary policy is the process by which the government, central bank, of a country controls the supply of money, availability of money, and cost of money or rate of interest, in order to attain a set of objectives oriented towards the growth and stability of the economy.

What is Fiscal Policy? Fiscal policy is the use of government spending and revenue collection to influence the economy. These policies affect tax rates, interest rates and government spending, in an effort to control the economy. Fiscal policy is an additional method to determine public revenue and public expenditure.