History Subject Questions

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  • List the five early humans in chronological order

    • Answer:

    • Australopithecus

    • Homo Habilis

    • Homo Erectus

    • Neanderthal

    • Cro-Magnon

  • Which early human was the first to practice religion?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon

  • Who began using fire first?

    • Answer: Homo Habilis began using fire first only from fires that were started from natural disasters. Fire was used for protection, to keep warm, and to cook food.

  • Who learned how to make and control fire?

    • Answer: Homo Erectus

  • Name 3 reasons why fire was a useful tool to both early humans and ourselves.

    • Answer: Protection, keep warm, to cook

  • Who were the first early humans to create and use tools?

    • Answer: Homo Habilis

  • Why didn’t Neandertal take care of the elderly as many of us do today?

    • Answer: The elderly did not have a good chance of survival; many did not live to see their 40th b-day

  • “Lucy” is the fossilized remains of what early human?

    • Answer: Australopithecus

  • What early human was nick-named “handy man?

    • Answer: Homo Habilis

  • What nickname did we give Australopithecus?

    • Answer: “Southern Ape”

  • Which early human was the first to ceremonially bury their dead?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon

  • What early human first used language?

    • Answer: Neandertal

  • Which early human made beautiful carvings from bone?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon

  • Which early human lived entirely during the ice age?

    • Answer: Neandertals

  • What continent was the first early human discovered on?

    • Answer: Africa

  • What is the name of the oldest Australopithecine skeleton?

    • Answer: Lucy

  • What type of shelter did Cro-Magnon live in?

    • Answer: caves and huts

  • Why was Neanderthal’s body size crucial to their survival?

    • Answer: Short, heavy bodies due to cold- less surface area to keep warm; their bones were bigger due to constant exercise

  • List two tools the first early human used:

    • Answer: (Australopithecus)

    • Hands

    • Sticks/rocks

  • List two different tools the second early human used including the use and material

    • Answer: (Homo Habilis)

    • hand axes/ stone, bone/ cutting, chopping

    • stone flakes/ stone/ cutting meat or wood; scraping off hide

  • List two different tools the third early human used including the use and material

    • Answer: (Homo Erectus)

    • fire- keep warm (able to live in any climate)

    • sharpened flakes/ rock, stone/ cutting meat or wood; scraping off hide

  • List two different tools the fourth early human used including the use and material

    • Answer: (Neandertal)

    • sharp flint/ sliced through animal skin

    • hand axes/stone, wood/ crush bones and cut wood

    • triangular points/ used like knives spears- hunting

  • List five different tools the last early human used including the use and material

    • harpoons- kill fish when meat was not plentiful

    • needles/ bone/ make clothes

    • flint

    • pierced seashells

    • antlers

  • What was “Lucy” named after?

    • Answer: Beatles song “Lucy in the sky with diamonds”

  • Which early human was anatomically identical to us, Homo sapien sapien?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon

  • Where did the Australopithecus live?

    • Answer: Eastern Africa

  • Which early human lived 35,000 – 10,000 years ago?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon

  • How tall were the Australopithecus?

    • Answer: 3-4 ft tall

  • Which early human made cave paintings?

    • Answer: Neandertal

  • What was the Australopithecus’ diet?

    • Answer: vegetarians

  • Name 5 traditions and discoveries that Cro Magnon made that Modern Humans still use today.

    • Answer:

    • Make musical instruments

    • Make woven clothing

    • Buried their dead the way we do

    • Paint, engrave, sculpt, make shell jewelry

  • What was the Australopithecine’s shelter?

    • Answer: Rock overhangs, trees, tall grass

  • Why didn’t the first or second early human live in caves?

    • Answer: Dangerous animals lived in the caves and they did not have the tools to kill them

  • Which early human had huts, constructed of rocks, clay, bones, branches, and animal hide/fur?

    • Answer: Cro-magnon

  • Which early human stole caves from Neanderthal?

    • Answer: Cro- magnon

  • What four ways did the Homo habilis communicate?

    • Answer: Body language, touch, grunt, facial expressions

  • How did the Homo habilis get a fire going and keep it contained?

    • Answer: Used fire caused from natural disasters

  • What does Homo habilis mean?

    • Answer: “Handy Man”

  • Which 3 early humans lived during some or most of the ice age?

    • Answer: Homo Erectus, Neandertal, Cro-Magnon

  • Who were the only early humans to make and wear jewelry?

    • Answer: Cro- magnon

  • What stone did the Homo erectus use to make fire?

    • Answer: Flint

  • What was the first Early Human to cook their food?

    • Answer: Homo Erectus

  • Was the Homo erectus carnivores, omnivores, or herbivores?

    • Answer: omnivores

  • Who was the first to migrate out of Africa?

    • Answer: Homo Erectus

  • Which early human killed off the Neanderthal?

    • Answer: Cro- magnon

  • Did the Homo erectus have the ability to live in caves? Why or why not?

    • Answer: Yes, since they had tools used to kill the animals living in them

  • Which early human created the first calendar?

    • Answer: Cro-magnon

  • What did the Homo erectus use fire for?

    • Answer: Cooking, protection, keeping warm

  • What is Homo Erectus mean?

    • Answer: “Upright man”

  • What type of shelter did the Neandertals’ live in?

    • Answer: caves

  • What was the Cro-Magnon’s main shelter? What other type of shelter did they use?

    • Answer: Main shelter- caves; other shelter- huts

  • What made the Neandertals different from other early humans?

    • Answer: First to use language; lived throughout the ice-age

  • What did the Neandertals’ need to survive at night?

    • Answer: Fire, clothing, caves

  • 4/5 Neandertals’ didn’t see what?

    • Answer: Their 40th birthday

  • What type of human are you?

    • Answer: Homo Sapiens Sapiens

  • Which early human didn’t make tools?

    • Answer: Australopithecus

  • Which early human was the smartest? How do you know?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon; they started many of the traditions we still use today

  • Where did the Cro-Magnon live?

    • Answer: in caves or huts in France; bones found all over Europe

  • Which early human was the first to wear clothes? Why?

    • Answer: Neandertal’s because it was cold

  • Which early human knew how to make woven clothing?

    • Answer: Cro- Magnon

  • Which early human was the first migrate out of the original continent? Which continents did they migrate to?

    • Answer: Homo Erectus migrated to Asia and Europe

  • Why was Neanderthal’s nose so big?

    • Answer: The large nose created a lot of mucous which kept the nose from freezing

  • Name at least 10 Cro-Magnon firsts.

    • Answer:

    • Wore woven clothing

    • Listened to music

    • Made musical instruments

    • Decorated their bodies with jewelry

    • Carved and sculpted with bone

    • Made colored paintings

    • Made musical instruments

    • Made clay figurines

    • Made shell jewelry

    • Decorated tools, beads, ivory carvings

  • Describe how the shelter changed from the first early human to the last. Include what the shelters were like and why they changed.

    • Answer: Shelter began with Australopithecus using trees and tall grass. Then over time early humans became more intelligent and were able to use caves like Homo Erectus, Neanderthal, and Cro-magnon who could make fire, and had better tools.

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