Communication, Intra-Personal Communication YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Communication: NTA NET Paper 1 2020 (Past Paper Solutions) | Important for 2021

Communication

Intra-Personal Communication

  • Intra-personal Communication is where the sender and receiver of the messages is the same person. The messages travel in the form of electromagnetic impulses, going to and fro within one՚s mind. It helps in decision-making, thinking and analyzing various situations. e. g. , Transcendental meditation.
    • Day dreaming
    • Speaking aloud
    • Writing thoughts
    • Making gestures while speaking
Intra-Personal Communication

Interpersonal communication evolves in the following three stages:

  • Phatic Stage: this is the initial, introductory, or exploratory stage of communication. It begins with greeting someone and the conversation in this stage is patterned on beliefs, cultural norms, and values of the communicator.
  • Personal stage: Followed by phatic stage, the communication in the second stage is more personal e. g. , discussions involving one՚s family, profession, health etc. Most of the formal communications end at this stage only.
  • Intimate stage: This stage is often reserved for close friends or family, where communication is informal and involves revelation of various emotions.

Group, Public & Mass Communication

  • Group Communication involves 3 or more people, having some common interests or goals to achieve. The members of a group are known to each other. Demerits of communication within a group may be:
    • Obsolete communication revolving around a single subject or purpose.
    • Problematic participation of each individual.
    • Decreased level of interaction and intimacy as the size of group widens
    • Feedback
    • Active listening
    • Dance performance, Ram Lila
  • Public Communication is a larger form of group communication where, speaker initiates and controls the process of communication. Most of the messages sent by the sender (i.e.. , speaker) are verbal accompanied by his gestures & tonal quality. He addresses a large audience, which either remains passive or responds through non-verbal cues like nodding, clapping, smiles, etc. This type of communication broadly revolves around a specific agenda.
  • Mass Communication involves a heterogeneous and large group of people, who are anonymous to the source of message/communication. It heavily relies on mass media for distribution of message to the audience. The messages being addressed are impersonal in nature and may involve gatekeepers (who may limit, expand, or re-organize the information being sent) . Effects of such communication may be short lived as to become visible through the change in audience՚s attitude towards the subject of communication. Whereas, long-term effects bring in a change in audience՚s actions. Adhering to its far and wide reach, it is very difficult to get an effective feedback.
  • Interactive Communication – mobile, phone, email, video on demand, teletext, www etc.

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