Method of Information and Communication for Paper 1 Unit VIII (Information and Communication) as Per New 2021 Syllabus

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Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Title: Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Complete Postal Material Updated as per New Syllabus

  • Stands for “Information & Communication Technologies.” ICT refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. It is similar to Information Technology (IT) , but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, & other communication mediums.
  • In the past few decades, information & communication technologies have provided society with a vast array of new communication capabilities. For example, people can communicate in real-time with others in different countries using technologies such as instant messaging, voice over IP (VoIP) , and video-conferencing. Social networking websites like Facebook allow users from all over the world to remain in contact and communicate on a regular basis.

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  • Modern information & communication technologies have created a “global village,” in which people can communicate with others across the world as if they were living next door. For this reason, ICT is often studied in the context of how modern communication technologies affect society.
  • ICT, or information and communications technology (or technologies) , is the infrastructure & components that enable modern computing.
  • Although there is no single, universal definition of ICT, the term is generally accepted to mean all devices, networking components, applications & systems that combined allow people and organizations (that is businesses, nonprofit agencies, governments and criminal enterprises) to interact in the digital world.
  • ICT refers to technologies that provide access to information through telecommunications. It is similar to Information Technology (IT) , but focuses primarily on communication technologies. This includes the Internet, wireless networks, cell phones, & other communication mediums.
  • ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate, transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form. For example, personal computers, digital television, email, robots. So ICT is concerned with the storage, retrieval, manipulation, transmission or receipt of digital data.
  • Most people will tell you that ICT is a shortening for “information and communications technology” – option number one above. letŐšs unpack that phrase. So it is “information technology” or “communications technology” . It is not “information” or “communication” standing on its own. “Information” or “communication” has to go with technology – they cannot exist independently. You could shorten information and communications technology to just technology.
  • Information and communications technology (ICT) refers to all the technology used to handle telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, & network-based control and monitoring functions.
  • Although ICT is often considered an extended synonym for information technology (IT) , its scope is broad.
  • ICT has more recently been used to describe the convergence of several technologies and the use of common transmission lines carrying very diverse data and communication types & formats.
  • Information & communication technologies for development (ICT4D) refers to the application of information & communication technologies (ICT) toward social, economic, & political development, with a particular emphasis on helping poor and marginalized people & communities.

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