Parliamentary Committees: Political Science YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Meaning

  • They established to assist the legislative works as Parliament has complex and voluminous functions.
  • ARTICLE 118 (1) deals with Parliamentary Committees
  • The two houses of Parliament make rules for Parliamentary Committees composition, tenure and functions
  • It is appointed by the house
  • works under Speaker or Chairman
  • present its report to the house
  • Has a Secretariat
Parliamentary Committees
Six Categories of Standing Committees Committees
Types of Financial Committees

Public Accounts Committee

  • First set up 1921 by the provisions of Government of India Act 1919.
  • 22 total members (15 loksabha/7 Rajya Sabha)
  • President elect the members through the principle of Proportional representation
  • Chairman of the committee is appointed by the Speaker
  • It examines annual audit report of CAG
  • It examines public expenditure from legal and formal aspects
  • It examines the appropriation and finance accounts of the Union
  • It examines states costate Corporation and CAG audits report
  • It examine expenditure during a financial year
  • CAG acts as a guide and philosopher of the committee

Estimates Committee

  • Setup in 1921
  • In 1950 Estimate committee was established on recommendation on John Mathai.
  • It examines the budget and public expenditure
  • Suggest administrative reforms to improve economy
  • Suggest policy for efficiency and economy in administration
  • Examine the limits of policy and its estimates
  • Suggest forms to present estimates
  • It cannot questions parliaments policy and its recommendations are advisory

Committee on Public Undertakings

  • Created on the recommendations of Krishna Menon Committee in 1964.
  • It examines reports of Public Undertakings and report of CAG on it.
  • Examines the affairs of Public Undertakings
  • Exercise functions allotted to it by the speaker
  • Cannot examine more than 12 public Undertakings in a year
  • It cannot deal with technical matters

Departmental Standing Committees

  • In 1993 Seventeen Departmental related Standing Committees were set up.
  • In 2004 it crease from 17 to 24
  • They secure more financial accountability of the executive to the Parliament
  • Total there are 24 standing Committee under central Government
  • Each standing Committee has 31 members
  • Its tenure is One Year
  • Under Rajya Sabha 8 Standing Committees work and under Lok Sabha 16.
Departmental Standing Committees
Committees Under Rajya SabhaCommittees Under Lok Sabha
1. Committee on Commerce1. Committee on Agriculture9. Committee on Petroleum and Natural Gas
2. Committee on Home Affairs2. Committee on Information Technology10. Committee on Railways
3. Committee on Human Resource Development3. Committee on Defense11. Committee on Urban Development
4. Committee on Industry4. Committee on Energy12. Committee on Water Resources
5. Committee on Science and Technology, Environment and forests5. Committee on External Affairs13. Committee on chemicals and fertilizers
6. Committee on transport, tourism and culture6. Committee on Finance14. Committee on Rural Development
7. Committee on Health and Family Welfare7. Committee on Food , Consumer affairs and public distribution15. Committee on coal and Steel
8. Committee on Public grievances8. Committee on Labour16. Committee on social Justice and empowerment

Committees to Inquire

  • Committee on Petitions- It examines petitions and matters of General Public importance and union list.
  • Committee on Priveleges - It is a semi judicial committee and examine breach of priveleges of the house.
  • Ethics Committee - It enforces the code of conduct of the members of Parliament.

Committees to Scrutinize and Control

  • Committee on Government Assurances
  • Committee on Subordinate Legislation
  • Committee on Papers Laid on the Table
  • Committee on Welfare of SCs And STs
  • Committee on Empowerment of Women
  • Joint Committee on offices of Profit

Committee Relating to the Day to Day Business of the House

  • Business Advisory Committee: It regulates programs of the House and allocates time.
  • Committee on Private Members Bills and Resolutions: It Classifies and allocates time for discussion of Bill՚s introduction by private members
  • Rules Committee: It deals with matters of procedure and conduct of House
  • Committee on Absence of Matters: It deals with applications for leave by the members

House Keeping Committees

  • General Purposes Committee: It advises on the matters that are not within the jurisdiction of any other parliamentary committee
  • House Committee: It deals with Residential accommodation of Members of Parliament
  • Library Committee: It deals matters related to the library of the Parliament
  • Joint Committee on Salaries and Allowances of Members: It deals with Salary Allowances and pensions of the members
House Keeping Committees

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