MSS's Recommendations, Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, International Perspective

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MSS’S Recommendations

  • Bridge the growing mismatch between production and post production technologies

  • A national grid of grain storages based on modern technology should be established

  • Community Grain Banks

  • Animal food security is also essential for human food security because otherwise the yield from animals will be low

Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security

  • National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

  • Factors to cope with

    • Unfavourable changes in temperature

    • Unf changes in precipitation

    • Floods/snow melt

    • High Co2

    • Sea level rise

Meeting the Challenges of Climate Change

  • Implement alternative cropping strategies based on different weather conditions

  • Seed reserves should be build

  • Computer simulation models can be used to identify scientific strategies needed for reducing the adverse impact of drought on agriculture

  • To deal with sea level rise

    • Develop mangrove and non-mangrove bio-shields

    • Promote Sea Water Farming through agri-aqua farms

    • Promoting below sea level farming as already practiced by farmers in Kuttanad area of Kerala

  • Establish Research and Training Centre for Climate Risk Management

Mitigation and Adaption Strategies

Mitigation

  • Carbon sequestration

  • Soil Carbon Banks through trees which enhance soil nutrient status

Adaptation

Green house horticulture should be promoted

International Perspective

  • A committee setup by the UN Committee on Food Security under the chairmanship of MSS

  • Analyses the potential impact of acquisitions, particularly in Africa, on food security

  • It has been estimated that 50 mn to 80 mn hectares of farmland in developing countries has been the subject of negotiations by international investors in recent years, two thirds of them in sub-Saharan Africa, widely recognised as a hot spot for endemic hunger

  • The report found little evidence that such large-scale acquisitions have helped to provide food and jobs to the local population

  • More than three quarters of the deals are yet to demonstrate improvements in agricultural output

  • The panel identified several steps that governments should take towards more effective and equitable land tenure systems to protect land rights

  • The growing diversion of farmland for fuel production in industrialised countries, increased consumption of meat on the part of the affluent, and loss of land to roads, houses and industries are likely to lead to acute food scarcity, sever price volatility and high food inflation by the end of this decade

  • The Arab Spring had its genesis in food inflation.

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