Anthropology: Definition, Emergence and Benefits of Anthropology

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  • Meaning
  • Scope
  • Development

Definition of Anthropology

Definitions of Anthropology

Study of Human Being

Anthropology = ‘Anthropos’ + ‘logos’

Study of Human Being

Study of Man and His Works

  • According to Herskovits: Anthropology is holistic science of man means it studies man from Social, Cultural, Economic, Biological and political point of view.
  • Drawback: Holistic study of man of whence and where?

Study of Man in Time and Space

  • Time: Anthropology studies present human as well as past human ancestors (fossil men) .
  • Space: Anthropology studies men of all over the world.


Finally, we can say that “Anthropology as a science of human being and its holistic approach in time and space across the world” .

Emergence of Anthropology

  • Travellers:
  • Herodotus: 500 BC (Father of Anthropology) Egyptians, Libyans, Syrians
  • Vasco de Gama: (1397 - 1498 AD) Africans and Indians
  • Columbus: (1451 - 1506 AD) American Red Indians
  • 1st Theory: Theory of Evolution by Henry Lewis Morgan Based on travel account

Benefits of Anthropology


  • Administrative Strategy
  • Territorial Expansion


  • Religious Goal
  • Cultural Change: lifestyle


Economic Interest

Scope of Anthropology

Scope of Anthropology

Holistic Study

Holistic Study

Applied Anthropology

Help Administration in policy making

Action Anthropology

Self-implementation of self-made policy

Action Anthropology

Developed by: