Rules of Residence in A Family System for Competitive Exams

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Rules Of Residence In A Family System: Functions of Family (Anthropology)

  • Residence i.e. the location of domicile, particularly after marriage, has been an important area of investigation because it is a locus where biological (consanguineal) and marital (affinal ) forms of kinships combine.

  • There are four major rules of residence:

Patrilocal Residence or Virilocal Residence

  • The newly married couple takes up residence in groom’s father’s house in a patrilocal family. The children of the couple stay with them. After marriage, the son stays in the same household while the daughter is supposed to set up another household at her husband’s place

    Image of Patrilocal Residence

    Image of Patrilocal Residence

    • Residence i.e. the location of domicile, particularly after marriage, has been an important area of investigation because it is a locus where biological (consanguineal) and marital (affinal) forms of kinships combine.

    • There are four major rules of residence:

Matrilocal or Uxorilocal Residence

  • The newly married couple takes up residence in the bride’s mother’s family that is a matrilocal family. The unmarried children live in the same household. But after their marriage, the son is supposed to move to separate household. All norms in such a family are governed by matrilineal rules like distribution and inheritance of property.

MATRILOCAL RESIDENCE

Image of Matrilocal or Uxorilocal Residence

Image of Matrilocal or Uxorilocal Residence

  • Bilocal Residence or Ambilocal residence

  • In some societies, the newly married couple can live with or near the parents of either spouses. It is found in societies where extended kin networks are important or where land or resources may be limited within a geographical restricted space, such as an island. The choice depends on resource advantage of one family over the other.

Image of geographical restricted space

Image of Geographical Restricted Space

Neolocal Residence

  • The newly married couple live separately from both the bride’s and groom’s family and setup a separate household. Such pattern of residence is common in industrial societies. The couple in such a case is economically independent from their parents.

NEOLOCAL RESIDENCE

Image of Neolocal Residence

Image of Neolocal Residence

Avunculocal Residence

The newly married couple after marriage live in or near the house of groom’s mother’s brother. Such residence pattern is found only in matrilineal societies

AVUNCULOCAL RESIDENCE

Image of Avunculocal Residence

Image of Avunculocal Residence

Functions of a Family

The family as a social group is universal in nature and its existence is seen at all levels of cultures. Thus, the family having a status in society also has certain responsibilities and functions. The basic functions of a family are:

  • Satisfaction of biological need

    • The family as an institution regularizes the satisfaction of biological needs. It serves for the institutionalization of mating, a primordial need among all humans. Family helps in channelizing of sexual outlets by defining the norms with whom one can mate and who are out of bound in terms of incest taboos. Family, thus helps in establishing a legal father for a woman’s child and a legal mother for a man’s child.

  • Reproduction and imbibing Social Values

    • As soon as a child is born into a family, he is entitled to certain social position, system of beliefs, language, parents and kins as per the family system that he is born into. This family nurtures the child and imbibes in him the ways of society through the process of enculturation preparing him accept statuses of adulthood

  • Economic

    • A family as a social group is responsible for satisfying the basic needs of its members like food, clothes and shelter. In order to achieve this objective all members of a family cooperate and divide the work among themselves and makes contribution towards the up keeping of the family. Emile Durkheim in his book Division of labour has brought forth this fact and laid emphasis on economic satisfaction of the need of a family. It thus, serves as the organization of complementary division of labour between spouses which at the same time allocates to each member of the family certain family rights in the labour of the one and other and in such goods or property as they may acquire through their individual or joint efforts

  • Educational

    • A family provides for the linkage of each spouse and the offspring within the wider network of kinsmen. It establishes relationships of descent and affinity. There must be jural fatherhood to regularize transference of statuses from one generation to the next. A cooperative division of labour makes greater efficiency and skill in the work that need to be done. The basic functions of the family may be performed with varying degrees of effectiveness from culture to culture educating each generation.

#Rules of Residence in Family System & Family Function

# 4 Types of Residence Rules: patrilocal, matrilocal, neolocal, Avunculocal

#Functions of family: Satisfying biological needs, imbibing socila values, economic and educational

#Socio-cultural anthropology

#NET

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