Competitive Exams: Major Diseases and Medicines in Biology

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Diseases

  • Cement Disease – Cytosillicosis.
  • Hg – Minamata
  • Phosphorous – Phossy Jaws
  • Textile work us – Byssinosis
  • PCB՚s workers – Yusho disease (Japan – 1968) – Swollen eyelids
  • Espundia – Leishmania braziliensis – Mucus membrane
  • Absence of single Lysosomal hydrolase – Hurler՚s disease
  • Mononucleosis – Epstein Barr virus
  • Blans – Farism – Premature RBS die (so no malaria)
  • Ouch- Ouch/Itai - Itai – Cadmium (Japan) – of bone, liver & Lungs
  • Excess F β‡Ύ Knock Knee disease or Skeletal fluorosis – Hardened joint
  • Al – Alzheimer՚s disease (Al Deposition in brain)
  • Gas bubble disease of fish – thermal pollution
  • Cotton Dust – Pneumoconiosis – lung fibrosis – Byssinosis
  • Aropecia – Efficiency of Vitamin B7 – Diencephalon
  • Pompe disease – by the buildup of a complex sugar known glycogen in the body՚s cells. The accumulation of glycogen in certain organs and tissues, especially muscles, impairs their ability to function normally.
  • Asbestos - asbestosis, lung cancer, mesothelioma
  • Deficiency of vitamin E in poultry – Encephalomalacia
  • Inositol – β€˜Spectacle eye’ Condition in rat – Alopecia

Name of Organ & Infection

  • Trachoma – eye
  • Cholera – Stomach
  • Rabies – Brain
  • Diabetes – Pancreas
  • Typhoid – Intestine
  • Diphtheria – Throat

Genetic Disorder Disease

  • Down՚s syndrome – 21 trisomy - mental retardation, short body, swelling of tongue, folds of eye
  • Patan syndrome – 13 trisomy – infants are deaf, survrive less than 6 months.
  • Edward syndrome – 18 trisomy – infant՚s smaller, elongated skill, malformed ear, receding chin, dislocated hips.

Medicines

  • 6MP – mercaplopurine – leukemia
  • Angina pectoris – nitroglycerin
  • PAS – p-amino salicylicacid - TB
  • Atoxyl – soda salt of arsanilic acid – sleeping sickness
  • Levopoda – Parkinsonism 3 (3,4 -dihydroxyphenyl) L-alanine
  • PGF22 – Uterine Contractions
  • Aderaline – act on Ξ±1 Ξ±2 Ξ²1 Ξ²2 (not Ξ²3)
  • Non aderaline – act on Ξ±1 Ξ±2 Ξ²1 Ξ²2 (not Ξ²3)
  • Anti choline esterase – myasthenia gravis.
  • Choline esterase reactivator – paralidomine – organophosphate
  • Mycoplasama – resistant to penicillin
  • Virus – resistant to tetracycline
  • Zydowoden + AZT given for AIDS.
  • Protein synthesis of bacteria & mitochondria – sensitive to chloramphenicol, streptomycin.
  • Cytoplasmic protein synthesis is sensitive Cycloheximide
  • 2-phenyl ethane-hypnotic
  • Cytosine arabinoside – anticancer
  • Ademine arabinoside – antiviral
  • Bayer – 7602 for chagas disease
  • Benzene & penicillin – Syphilis
  • Benzyl benzoate – scabies
  • Ovarian cancers – Vincristine
  • E. gingivalis – Geramycin
  • Tenia solium – aeranil, antigen, yomesen, ccl4, Nexylroesorcinal
  • Amoebic dysentery – Hagyl, metrogyl, emetin, arsenic.
  • Sleeping sickness – Bayer 205, pentamidine, lomidine, melarwopol
  • Kala azar – antimony, gluconate.

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