Competitive Exams: Matter, Element, Compound & Mixtures

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 125K)

Matter: Anything that occupies space and has weight is called matter. In general matter exists is three states,

  • Solids have definite volume, a definite shape and are rigid.

  • Liquids have definite volume, but no definite shape and non-rigid.

  • Gases have neither definite shape, nor definite volume and are non-rigid. It is the simplest state and shows great uniformity in behavior.

Elements: An element is a substance which can neither be broken nor built from two or more simple substances by any physical or chemical method. Or in other words an element is a pure substance which contains only one kind of atom, e.g., Fe (Iron), Na (Sodium), etc.

Types of Elements: (i) Metals, (ii) Non-metals, (iii) Metalloids


A compound is a pure substance which contains more than one kind of element or atom in fixed proportion by weight e.g., NaCl (Sodium chloride), SO2 (Sulphur dioxide), etc.

Types of Compounds

  • Organic compounds

  • Inorganic compounds

The properties of a compound are completely different from the those of its constituents.


A material containing two or more elements or compounds in any proportion is a mixture. It can be separated into its constituents, e.g.. air, milk, paints, cements, cements etc.

Types of Mixtures

  • Mixture can be either Homogeneous or Heterogeneous

  • A mixture is said to be homogeneous if its composition in form throughout.

  • A mixture is said to be heterogeneous if its composition is not uniform.

  • The properties of a mixture are the properties of its constituents.

  • A mixture with definite noting point is known as use inter profit mixture