Computer & Main Parts of Computer – Terminology and Important Computer Abbreviation

Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for competitive exams : get questions, notes, tests, video lectures and more- for all subjects of your exam.

Computer Terminology

  • Utility – a utility is a small program that provides an addition to the capabilities provided by the operating system.
  • User-friendly – Describes hardware or software that is easy to use.
  • Webcam – A video camera that sends live images over the Internet to a Web site.
  • ZIP - ZIP is an archive file format that supports lossless data compression. A . ZIP file may contain one or more files or directories that may have been compressed .
  • Zoom - zoom is another name for maximize, to enlarge the date size or image size.

Important Computer Abbreviation

Important Computer Abbreviation
AAC - Advanced Audio CodingHTML - Hyper Text Mark-up Language
AI -Artificial intelligence.HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol.
AMR - Adaptive Multi-Rate CodecHTTPS - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure.
API - Application Program InterfaceIBM - International Business Machine
ARP - Address Resolution ProtocolINTEL - Integrated Electronics
ARPANET - Advanced Research Project Agency NetworkIP - Internet Protocol.
ASCII - American Standard Code for Information InterchangeISP - Internet Service Provider.
ATM - Asynchronous Transfer ModeJAD - Java Application Descriptor
AVI - Audio Video InterleaveJPEG - Joint Photographic Expert Group
BASIC - Beginner՚s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction CodeKbps - Kilobits/Kilobytes Per Second
BCC - Blind Carbon CopyLED - Light Emitting Diode
BCD - Binary Coded DecimalM3G - Mobile 3D Graphics
BHTML - Broadcast Hyper Text Mark-up LanguageM4A - MPEG-4 Audio File
BIOS - Basic Input Output SystemMbps - Megabits/Megabytes Per Second
BIU - Bus Interface UnitMICR - Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
BMP – BitmapMIME - Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
BPS - Bytes Per SecondMIPS - Million Instructions Per Second
CAD - Computer Aided DesignMPEG - Motion Picture Experts Group
CADD - Computer Aided Design and DraftingNAT - Network Address Translation
CAI - Computer Aided InstructionOCR - Optical character reader.
CDMA - Code Division Multiple AccessOMR - Optical Mark Reader/Recognition
CDMA - Code Division Multiple Access.P2P - Peer-to-peer
CD-R - Compact disc-recordable.PDA - Personal digital assistant.
CD-ROM - Compact disc-read-only memory. A form of optical storage.PDF - Portable Document Format
CD-RW - Compact disc-rewritable.PNG - Portable Network Graphics
CISC - Complex Instructions Set ComputersPNG - Portable Network Graphics
COBOL - Common Business Oriented LanguageRPM - Revolutions Per Minute
COMPUTER - Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used for Trade/Technology, Education, and Research.SIM - Subscriber Identity Module.
CPU - Central processing unit.SMPS - Switch Mode Power Supply
CRT - Cathode Ray Tube.SMS - Short Message Service
CUI - Character User InterfaceSMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
DAT - Digital Audio TapeSQL - Structured Query Language
DAT - Digital Audio Tape.SWF - Shock Wave Flash
DBMS - Data Base Management SystemTCP - Transmission Control Protocol .
DNS - Domain name system.UHF - Ultra High Frequency.
DOC - Document (Microsoft Corporation)UMTS - Universal Mobile Telecommunication System.
DOS – Disk operating system.UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Computer/Universal Non Integrated Vacuum Actuated Computer
DPI - Dots Per InchUPS - Uninterruptible Power Supply.
DVD - Digital Versatile Disk.URL - Uniform Resource Locator.
DVD-RAM - Digital video disc – random-access memory.USB - Universal Serial Bus.
DVD-ROM - Digital video disc – read-only memory.VAN - Value Added Network
DVD-RW - Digital video disc – read/write.VHF - Very High Frequency.
DVI - Digital Visual InterfaceVIRUS - Vital Information Resource Under Seized
DVR - Digital Video RecorderVOIP - Voice Over Internet Protocol
EDGE - Enhanced Data Rate for GSM (Global System for Mobile Communication) EvolutionWAIS - Wide-Area Information Server.
EDSAC - Electronic Delay Storage Automatic CalculatorWAP - Wireless Application Protocol.
EDVAC - Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic ComputerWAV - Waveform Audio
E-mail - Electronic MailWBMP - Wireless Bitmap Image
ENIAC - Electronics Numerical Integrator and CalculatorWi-Fi - Wireless fidelity.
FPS - Frames Per SecondWLAN - Wireless Local Area Network
GDI - Graphical Device InterfaceWMA - Windows Media Audio
GIF - Graphic Interchangeable FormatWML - Wireless Mark-up Language
GPRS - General Packet Radio ServiceWML - Wireless Mark-up Language
GSM - Global System for Mobile CommunicationWMV - Windows Media Video
GUI - Graphical User Interface.XMF - Extensible Music File
HSDPA - High Speed Downlink Packet Access.

Developed by: