Data transmission, protocol, TCP/IP, IPV4 and IPV6 for Competitive Exams

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Data transmission

NIC-Network interface card – A network interface card (NIC) is a computer circuit board or card that is installed in a computer so that it can be connected to a network.

Wireless technology - Wireless communications is a type of data, a wireless signal through wireless communication technologies and device.

Data transmission methods

Data Transmission Methods

Data transmission methods

Network Related Terms

Network terms

Network Terms

Network terms

Protocol - It is set of rules and standards which is used by computers to exchange data or information with each other across a network.

Nodes - It is a connect point where either data transmission ends or redistribution of data starts.

TCP/IP - (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) - basic communication language or protocol of the Internet.

IPV4 - 32 bits numeric address

IPV6 - 128 bits hexadecimal address

Difference Beween IPv4 and IPv6
Difference beween IPv4 and IPv6

IP version

IPv4

IPv6

Deployed

1981

1999

Address Size

32-bit number

128-bit number

Address Format

Dotted Decimal Notation:

192.0.2.76

Hexadecimal Notation:

2001:0DB8:0234:AB00:

0123:4567:8901:ABCD

Number of Addresses

=

340,282,366,920,938,463,

463,374,607,431,768,211,456

Example of Prefix Notation

192.0.2.0/24

10/8

2001:0DB8:0234::/48

2600:0000::/12