NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 2: People As Resource Youtube Lecture Handouts

Download PDF of This Page (Size: 126K)

Get video tutorial on: https://www.youtube.com/c/Examrace

Watch video lecture on YouTube: NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 2: People as Resource NCERT Class 9 Economics Chapter 2: People as Resource
Loading Video

NCERT Class 9 Economics

Chapter 2: People as Resource

Population

  • Asset & not liability

  • Working population – Skill & productivity

  • Contribution to GNP

  • Education & Healthy Human – Human Capital Formation – Return on Investment

  • Green Revolution

  • IT revolution

  • Skill India

  • Human resource can make use of land and capital

  • Land and capital cannot become useful on its own

  • Education adds to quality of labour – Increases productivity & growth of economy

  • Child with investment can lead to higher earning & greater contribution to society

  • Uneducated people create a vicious cycle of disadvantaged state

  • Japan – with no natural resource, only human resource – developed

Economic Activities

  • Primary Sector: Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishing, poultry farming, and mining.

  • Secondary Sector: Quarrying and manufacturing

  • Tertiary Sector: Trade, transport, communication, banking, education, health, tourism, services, insurance etc.

  • Economic Activity: Activity for pay or profit – Production of Goods & Services

  • Non-Economic Activity: Activity for self-consumption – Primary products

Gender Parity - Key

  • Division of Labour – Men (fields) & Women (domestic)

  • Women – Meager education, low skill formation, low wages, absence of maternity leave, childcare & social security systems for unorganized sector

Quality of Population – Education

  • Promotes national income

  • Cultural richness

  • Efficiency of governance

  • Education as Catalyst

  • Vocational Education

  • Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao

  • No a right but to enjoy rights

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

  • Mid-Day Meals

  • Higher Education – A Focus

  • Standardization – Common Entrance

  • 3- Language Formula

Image of Literacy Rate In India : 1951 - 2011

Image of Literacy Rate in India : 1951 - 2011

Image of Literacy Rate In India : 1951 - 2011

Quality of Population – Health

  • Accessibility

  • Family care

  • Nutrition

  • IMR & MMR – Protection from infection, nutrition, vaccination

  • Life Expectancy

  • Longetivity

  • Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra – Surpass

  • Free medical care

  • National Rural Health Mission

Types of Unemployment

  • Frictional – laid off from job, change job, take time off

  • Structural – Skill not match the job – technological advancement

  • Cyclic – Economic downturns & falls

  • Seasonal – Based on production schedules

Quality of Population – Unemployment

  • Rural – Seasonal (agriculture) & Disguised (for work of 4 people have 6 of them – people with agricultural plots – Productivity unaffected)

  • Urban – Educated (surplus manpower in certain areas while shortage in others)

  • Wastage of manpower

  • Hopelessness & despair

  • Increase economic overload - in health & withdrawal from school

  • Agriculture: Labor Absorbing – Mechanization, Disguised

  • Production: Small Scale – Labor absorbing

  • Tertiary: Upcoming - Biotechnology, nanotechnology, IT