Policy Response Agriculture Sector 3: Economic YouTube Lecture Handouts

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E- NAM National Agriculture Market

  • It is an online trading platform for agriculture produce, helps farmers to get right prices.
  • It will strengthen agriculture marketing & reduce the need for cultivators to physically come to the mandis to sell their produce.
  • Warehouse based trading module in e-NAM has been introduced to facilitate trade from warehouses based on e-NWR (Negotiable warehousing receipts) .
  • FPO trading modules has been incorporated. Ensures more profits as intermediary are absent.
  • Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead agency for implementing eNAM.

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture

  • It aims at enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas, focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.
  • Promoting effective management of available water resources and enhancing water use efficiency.
  • Promote organic farming and to make farming more profitable.
  • PKVY, RKVY, Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) are also implemented under the mission.

Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture

  • It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme focussing on Enhance horticulture production, augmenting farmers՚ income and strengthening nutritional security.
  • Improve post-harvest management, value addition processing and marketing infrastructure.
  • Promote FPOs and their links with Market aggregators and financial institutions which will lead to higher prices for the produce.
  • Improving productivity through diversification, increasing acreage of orchards.

Participatory Guarantee Scheme (PGS)

  • To promote domestic organic market growth and to enable small and marginal farmers to have easy access to organic certification.
  • It is a group certification system rather than individual certification for farmers.
  • Jaivik Bharat Logo was introduced to distinguish organic products from inorganic.
  • PGS ensures that the production takes place in accordance with laid-down quality standards.

Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan (PM-AASHA)

To ensure that farmers get remunerative prices for their produce. 3 Components of the scheme

  • Price Support Scheme (PSS) : Physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by agencies.
  • Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS) : Under this, oil seeds are covered (MSP) and central government will pay the difference between the MSP and actual selling/model price to the farmer in his bank account.
  • Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockiest Scheme (PPSS) : Under this, Private Player can procure crops at MSP when market prices drop below MSP. The private player will then be compensated through a service charge up to a maximum of 15 % of the MSP of the crop.

Practice Question

Q 1 Consider the following statements.

1) Under E- NAM farmer can directly sell his produce without bringing it in the mandi.

2) E-NAM will lead to rise in logistics and intermediary cost.

Which of the following are correct.

1) 1 only

2) Both 1 and 2

3) Only 2

4) Neither 1 and 2

Answer: Option 1