Rural Development Policy Responses Economics YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Rural Development: Policy Responses

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  • Ministry of rural development and Panchayati raj was created as a special ministry for the development of the rural area at both central and state level.
  • On 2nd October, 1952 the government implemented the Community Development Programmes (CDP under the major influence of the Etawah Project. It was a development initiative which encompassed almost all activities of rural development.
  • CDP failed to bring any meaningful change because of issues like bureaucracy and excessive politics, lack of people participation, lack of trained and qualified staff, and lack of local bodies interest in implementing the CDP, lack of people՚s participation etc.
  • G. V. K. Rao Committee (1985) recommended making the “district” as the basic unit of planning and also holding regular elections whereas the L. M. Singhvi committee recommended providing more financial resources and constitutional status to the panchayats so as to strengthen them.
  • The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments 1992 led to introduction of Local self-government in rural and urban India. 3 tier Government.

Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)

  • The scheme was launched in 2011which aims at mobilizing rural poor households into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and to provide them long-term support so that they can diversify their livelihoods, improve their incomes and can have quality of life.
  • Major components of the scheme are:
    • Promoting diversified livelihoods opportunities for the poor, in farm and non- farm sectors.
    • Promotion of skill development, access to jobs, social inclusion, financial inclusion, social development and human development.

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

  • Launched in 2014, with the aim of creating ‘Adarsh Grams’ across the country.
  • Under Phase 1 (2014 - 19) , Members of Parliament (MPs) were to make one Gram Panchayat of their choice, a Model Village by 2016, and another two by 2019.
  • Under 2nd Phase each Member of Parliament during his/her tenure may develop five model villages (one per year) in his/her area till 2024.
  • The Gram Panchayats prepare Village Development Plans (VDP) containing prioritized time-bound projects to achieve holistic progress of the village, through the efficient convergence of resources.

Unnat Bharat Abhiyan

  • A flagship programme launched by the Ministry of HRD, which aims to link the Higher Education Institutions with a set of at least 5 villages so that these institutions can contribute to the economic and social betterment of these villages using their knowledge base.
  • The aims is to create a virtuous cycle of growth wherein the upliftment of rural economy and society takes place.
  • The objectives of the scheme are:
  • Engage the faculty and students of Higher Educational Institutions in understanding rural realities
  • Identify and select existing innovative technologies, enable customization of technologies, or flexible implementation methods for innovative solutions
  • To allow Higher Educational Institutions to contribute to devise a systems for smooth implementation of various Government Programs.

MCQs

Q 1 Consider the following statements

1. Unnat bharat Abhiyan is a flagship scheme of Ministry of Human resource and development.

2. The aim is to open institute of higher education in the villages.

Which of the above statements are correct

A. Both 1 and 2

B. only 2

C. Only 1

D. Neither 1 and 2

Answer: Option C

Chapters:

0: 00 Rural Development: Policy Responses

3: 36 Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM)

5: 36 Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

7: 25 Unnat Bharat Abhiyan

9: 45 MCQ about Rural Development: Policy Responses

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