Cognitive Process Introduction Education YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Title: Cognitive Process

Cognitive Process

Introduction

  • Cognitive process is all those higher-level function of the brain by which we become aware of and understand the world around us.
  • Cognitive comes from Latin word Cognito, meaning to apprehend or understand.
  • Cognitive process refers to the process of thinking involved in obtaining and storing knowledge.

Types of Cognitive Process

Types of Cognitive Process

Sensation

It refers to our awareness about various stimuli which we encounter in different modalities such as vision, hearing, touch, smell, and test.

Attention

It is the cognitive process that make it possible to position ourselves towards relevant stimuli and consequently respond to it.

Perception

In case of perception, we process information and make out the meaning of the stimuli available to us.

Learning

It helps us acquiring new knowledge and skills through experience and practice.

Memory

The information we process and learn is registered and stored in the memory system.

Thinking

In case of thinking we use our stored knowledge to solve various problem. We logically established the relationship among various object in our mind.

Decision Making

The thought process of selecting a logical choice from the available options.

Problem Solving

It is a mental process that involves discovering, analyzing and solving problem.

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