Commission and Departments of Universities and Colleges: Teacher Faculty and Governance

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Restructuring of Higher Education Institutions

  • The research universities focusing equally on research and teaching.

  • The teaching universities should focus primarily on teaching.

  • The colleges should focus only on teaching at undergraduate levels.

  • All the higher education institutions should move towards full autonomy - academic, administrative and financial.

Teacher Management

  • The deployment of Teachers should be at least for five to seven years in each and every school complex.

  • The teachers should not be allowed to participate in any non-teaching activities such as cooking mid-day meals etc. especially during the school hours.

  • To replace the existing B.Ed. Programme by a four-year integrated B.Ed. Programme that combines high-quality content, pedagogy, and practical training.

  • 50 hours of continuous professional development training every year is a must for every teacher.

Establishment of a National Research Foundation

  • In 2008 the total investment on research and innovation in India was 0.84% which reduced to 0.69% in 2014.

Establishment of a National Research Foundation
Establishment of a National Research Foundation


Spending on research and innovation (% GDP)

Researchers (per lakh population)

Total Patent Applications

















  • The Draft Policy further recommended establishing a National Research Foundation as an autonomous body for funding, mentoring and building the capacity for quality research in India.

  • The National Research Foundation will consist of four major divisions: sciences, technology, social sciences, and arts and humanities, with the provision to add additional divisions.

  • An annual grant of Rs 20,000 crore (0.1% of GDP) will be provided to the Foundation.

A Liberal Approach

  • Redesigning the curriculum into a common core curriculum, one/two area(s) of specialization.

  • Introduction of four years undergraduate programmes in Liberal Arts with multiple exit options including the appropriate certification to the students.

  • Setting up five Indian Institute of Liberal Arts as model multidisciplinary liberal arts institutions.

Faculty’S Professional Development

  • Development of a Continuous Professional Development Programme.

  • Introduction of a permanent employment (tenure) track system for faculty in all higher education institutions by 2030.

  • To maintain a desirable student-teacher ratio of not more than 30:1.

An Environment of Optimal Learning

All higher education institutions must have complete autonomy on curricular, pedagogical and resource-related matters.

Educational Governance

  • Recommendation of creating National Education Commission or Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog as an apex body for education to be headed by the Prime Minister. On a regular and continued basis the National Educational Commission will be responsible for developing, implementing, evaluating, and revising the vision of education.

  • The Functioning of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), the proposed National Higher Education Regulatory Authority and National Research Foundation shall also be the under the supervision of National Education Commission or Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog.

  • To rename the Ministry of Human Resources and Development as the Ministry of Education to put more emphasis on education.

Financing Education

Financing Education
Financing Education


Investment in 2017

(as % of GDP)









  • To double the double the public investment in education from the current 10% of total public expenditure to 20% in the next 10 years.

  • The total additional expenditure out of the 10% for universities and colleges (higher education), additional teacher costs or resources in school education early childhood care and education was 5%, 2% and 1.4% respectively.

  • The Committee also recommended optimal and timely utilization of funds through the institutional development plans.

Technology in Education

  • Improving the classroom process of teaching, learning and evaluation.

  • Aiding in preparation of teachers and continuous professional development of teachers.

  • Improving access to education in remote areas and for disadvantaged groups.

  • Improving the overall planning, administration and management of the entire education system.

  • Focus towards electrification of all educational institutions.

  • To setup National Education Technology Forum as an autonomous body to facilitate decision making on the induction, deployment and use of technology. This forum will provide evidence-based advice to central and state-governments on technology-based interventions.

  • Setting up a National Repository to maintain all records related to institutions, teachers, and students in digital form along with the creation of a single online digital repository will be created where copyright-free educational resources will be made available in multiple languages.

Vocational Educational

  • Over a period of 10 years integrating vocational educational programmes in all educational institutions (schools, colleges and universities) in a phased manner.

  • In grades 9 to 12 all school students must receive vocational education in at least one vocation course.

  • Under the existing National Skills Qualifications Framework all the proposed school complexes must build expertise in curriculum delivery being aligned to the competency levels.

  • To offer vocational education to up to 50% of the total enrolment in higher education institutions by 2025 by setting National Committee for the Integration of Vocational Education. The Committee will also look into the disbursement of funds.

Adult Education

  • To establish an autonomous Central Institute of Adult Education, as a constituent unit of NCERT. This autonomous body will develop a National Curriculum Framework for adult education. Foundational literacy and numeracy, critical life skills vocational skills development, basic education, and continuing education will be covered under the Framework.

  • To include Adult Education Centres within the proposed school complexes.

  • To make all the relevant courses available for youth and adults at the National Institute of Open Schooling.

  • Creation of a cadre of adult education instructors and managers, as well as a team of one-on-one tutors through a newly-established National Adult Tutors Programme.

Education and Indian Languages

  • The medium of instruction must either be the home language/mother tongue/local language till grade five and preferable till grade eight.

  • The First Educational Policy recommended three-language formula that should be adopted and implemented. Apart from Hindi and English one south Indian language should be preferred. The new draft policy recommended continuing with this three language formula.

  • For the purpose of national integration languages from other states of India should also be taught particularly in the Schools belonging to Hindi speaking areas.

  • Students who wish to change one or more of their three languages may do so by providing flexibility in the choice of language. This can be done with respect to grade six or grade seven with the condition that they are still able to demonstrate proficiency in three languages in their modular board examinations.

  • To setup a National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit so as to promote Indian languages.

  • Recruitment of high quality faculties for all higher education institutes. This recruitment should be based upon at least three Indian languages, in addition to the local Indian language.

  • To expand the Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology so as to include all fields and disciplines to strengthen vocabulary in Indian languages.

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