National Education Policy 2020: What Parents & Students Need to Know? From British to American Education

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National Education Policy NEP 2020: What Parents & Students Must Know?British to American Education
  • An autonomous body, the National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) , will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on the use of technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, administration.
  • NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups
  • New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and higher education. National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit, Indian Institute of Translation, and Interpretation to be set up
  • The Centre and the States will work together to increase the public investment in Education sector to reach 6 % of GDP at the earliest.

What You Need to Know? Key Highlights

The Key Highlights

For Schools

For Schools
  • New Policy aims for universalization of education from pre-school to secondary level with 100 % Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in school education by 2030.
  • NEP 2020 will bring 2 crores out of school children back into the main stream through open schooling system.
  • The current 10 + 2 system to be replaced by a new 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3 - 8,8 - 11,11 - 14, and 14 - 18 years respectively. This will bring the hitherto uncovered age group of 3 - 6 years under school curriculum, which has been recognized globally as the crucial stage for development of mental faculties of a child. The new system will have 12 years of schooling with three years of Anganwadi/pre schooling.
  • NIOS at class 3,5 and 8
  • Emphasis on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, no rigid separation between academic streams, extracurricular, vocational streams in schools; Vocational Education to start from Class 6 with Internships.
  • Teaching up to at least Grade 5 to be in mother tongue/regional language. No language will be imposed on any student.
  • Assessment reforms with 360-degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes.
  • A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B. Ed. degree.

For Colleges

For Colleges
  • Gross Enrolment Ratio in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035; 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education.
  • The policy envisages broad based, multi-disciplinary, holistic Under Graduate education with flexible curricula, creative combinations of subjects, integration of vocational education and multiple entry and exit points with appropriate certification. UG education can be of 3 or 4 years with multiple exit options and appropriate certification within this period.
  • Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits
  • Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities (MERUs) , at par with IITs, IIMs, to be set up as models of best multidisciplinary education of global standards in the country.
  • The National Research Foundation will be created as an apex body for fostering a strong research culture and building research capacity across higher education.
  • Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single overarching umbrella body the for entire higher education, excluding medical and legal education. HECI to have four independent verticals - National Higher Education Regulatory Council (NHERC) for regulation, General Education Council (GEC) for standard setting, Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC) for funding, and National Accreditation Council (NAC) for accreditation. Public and private higher education institutions will be governed by the same set of norms for regulation, accreditation, and academic standards.
  • Affiliation of colleges is to be phased out in 15 years and a stage-wise mechanism is to be established for granting graded autonomy to colleges. Over a period, it is envisaged that every college would develop into either an Autonomous degree-granting College, or a constituent college of a university.

Major Changes

Major Changes
  • Potential flexibility can be disastrous as well
  • Early childhood care and education curriculum (ECCEC) to be carried out by MHRD, WCD, HFW, tribal affairs
  • Preparatory class Balavatika for children below the age of 5
  • Variable models for board exams - annual, semester, modular exams
  • Boards may over time also develop further viable models of Board Exams, such as - annual/semester/modular Board Exams; offering all subjects beginning with mathematics, at two levels; two parts exams or objective type and descriptive type.

NTA to Offer Common Entrance Exam

  • The National Testing Agency (NTA) will offer a high-quality common aptitude test, as well as specialized common subject exams in the sciences, humanities, languages, arts, and vocational subjects, at least twice every year for university entrance exams.
  • Board exam should promote knowledge application rather than rote learning, she added.
  • Coding to be taught from class 6 onwards
  • Financial Autonomy to be given to 45K affiliated colleges
  • E-content in regional language
  • Bag- less days encouraged
  • NIOS to develop high quality modules for Indian Sign Language
  • School complexes to be used for adult education courses after school hours.

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