Predatory Journal: Beall՚s Criteria, Cabell՚s Blacklist-Identify Fake Journal YouTube Lecture Handouts

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Predatory Journal: Beall՚s Criteria, Cabell՚s Blacklist - Identify Fake Journal| Researchers to Know

Title: Predatory Journals

Predatory Journal
  • Many are open access and require fees
  • Quality is of substantial concern: poor or no editing and poor or no peer review
  • Unethical business practices such as offering services not as advertised
  • Making false claims about impact factors or indexing
  • Failure to adhere to accepted standards of scholarly publishing
  • Aggressive solicitation of manuscripts
  • Predatory and low-quality journals corrupt the literature.
  • The number of predatory journals is increasing day-by-day and also getting more difficult to identify.
  • Predatory journals are scam publishers that charge authors fees upfront but do not provide the service they promise.
  • “Predatory journals and publishers are entities that prioritize self-interest at the expense of scholarship and are characterized by false or misleading information, deviation from best editorial and publication practices, a lack of transparency, and/or the use of aggressive and indiscriminate solicitation practices.”
  • False or misleading information
  • Deviation from best editorial and publication practices
  • Lack of transparency
  • Aggressive, indiscriminate solicitation

Cabell՚s Blacklist

Jeffrey Beall - Librarian at University of Colorado – coined the term Predatory Journals

librarian at the University of Colorado in Denver, first coined the term “predatory journals” and maintained a listing of predatory journals which was later taken down. Cabell՚s International launched a revised version of the list called Cabell՚s Blacklist, which can be accessed for a fee at the company՚s website.

Predatory Journal
Predatory Journal
Advance Journals of Engineering Mathematics and Computer Sciences (AJEMCS)Advance Research Journal of Multidisciplinary DiscoveriesThe Advanced Science Journal
Bioscience and Bioengineering Communications (BBC)Bioscience Biotechnology Research Communications (BBRC)Bioscience Discovery
Electronic Journal of Engineering and Technology (EJET)Electronic Journal of Vocational CollegesElectronic Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (EJGE)

Hyderabad-based OMICS Group, which publishes over 700 journals, was in the news for its deceptive business practices. The US-Federal Trade Commission charged OMICS with making false claims about peer reviewing and listing editors who have not agreed to be associated with the journals.

Peer Review – Importance?

  • Incorrect Submissions corrupt the literature
  • Medical sciences are hard hit
  • Peer review is at the heart of academic evaluation. Publishing without peer review [while pretending that peer review was done] gives poor and mediocre academics a chance for jobs and promotions which should go to better qualified researchers

Identify Fake Journals - Beall՚s Criteria

  • No editorial board
  • No academic expertise
  • Insufficient information
  • Hidden fees
  • Name unrelated to mission/origin
  • Poor website with dead links
  • Unauthorized use of licensed images
  • Republishing published papers
  • Location is hidden
  • No single individual is identified as specific journal՚s editor with no formal editorial/review board or the same editorial board for more than one journal.
  • The editor and/or review board members do not have academic expertise in the journal՚s field.
  • Provides insufficient information or hides information about author fees, offering to publish an author՚s paper and later sending an unanticipated ‘surprise’ invoice.
  • No proper indexing.
  • The name of a journal is unrelated with the journal՚s mission.
  • The name of a journal does not adequately reflect its origin (e. g. , a journal with the word ‘Canadian’ or ‘Swiss’ in its name when neither the publisher, editor, nor any purported institutional affiliate relates whatsoever to Canada or Switzerland) .
  • The publisher has poorly maintained websites, including dead links, prominent misspellings and grammatical errors on the website.
  • The publisher makes unauthorised use of licensed images on their website, taken from the open web, without permission or licensing from the copyright owners.
  • Re-publish papers already published in other venues/outlets without providing appropriate credits.
  • Use boastful language claiming to be a ‘leading publisher’ even though the publisher may only be a start-up or a novice organisation.
  • Provide minimal or no copyediting or proofreading of submissions.
  • Publish papers that are not academic at all, e. g. , essays by lay people, polemical editorials, or pseudo-science.
  • Have a ‘contact us’ page that only includes a web form or an email address, and the publisher hides or does not reveal its location.
  • The publisher publishes journals that are excessively broad (e. g. , Journal of Education) or combine two or more fields not normally treated together (e. g. , International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology) in order to attract more articles and gain more revenue from author fees.
  • The Directory of Open Access Journals is a website that hosts a community-curated list of open access journals, maintained by Infrastructure Services for Open Access
  • Cabell՚s predatory are from pay to access list from Cabell՚s

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