Stages of Teaching: Pre-Active, Interactive and Post-Active

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  • Teaching can be defined as the process wherein one individual teaches or instructs another individual.
  • It is simply an act of imparting instructions to the learners
  • There are mainly three stages in the Teaching Learning Model.
Teaching Phases & Operations Overview

Teaching Phases & Operations Overview

Pre-Active Phase

  • This phase is the planning phase of Teaching.
  • Good planning helps a Teacher in smooth, functional, and successful task completion.
  • Establishing certain goals or objectives and discovering ways to means to achieve these objectives.
  • Formulation or fixing up of goal is the first operation under Pre-active phase. The instructional objectives are formulated in detail by using taxonomy of educational objectives. The objectives are determined according to student՚s psychology and needs of the society and the school.
  • Selection of content or subject matter to be taught is the second activity under Pre-active phase. The Teacher prepares the contents to be presented before learners. The demand of syllabus/curriculum, the entry behavior of the accepted learners, Level of the motivation of learners etc are some of the points to be considered while preparing the contents.
  • The arrangement of ideas and style of teaching is the third activity where a Teacher arranges the elements of the content in a logical and psychological sequence.
  • Selecting Intuitional Methodology is the fourth activity wherein he teacher has to select appropriate strategies and tactics of teaching.
  • Development of teaching strategies is the fifth activity wherein a Teacher has to work upon the tricks and strategies which needs to be used during the course of the classroom Teaching
  • Decision regarding the duration, place, and management of classroom teaching is the sixth activity under Pre-active phase.
  • A decision about evaluation tools and techniques is the seventh activity.

Interactive Phase

  • This phase refers to the execution of the plan also known as actual classroom Teaching.
  • The Teacher gives students the learning experiences through some suitable modes.
  • A pre-determined environment is provided by the Teacher to the learners.
  • Some of the examples are asking questions, listening to student՚s response, providing guidance etc.
  • Setting up the class is the first operation which refers to the activity of perceiving the due size of the class. The Teacher should be awared of the number of learners attentive in the group, number of learners who are negligent and disinterested, sharper ones and the troublemakers.
  • Knowing the learners is the second activity which means to know about the previous knowledge of the new learners.
  • Starting teaching is the third operation wherein the teacher starts teaching. Initiation and response are the two types of involved activities also known as ‘verbal interaction’ .

Post-Active Phase

  • This is the evaluator phase of teaching.
  • The activities include tests or quizzes, by observing student՚s reactions to questions, instructional situations and comments etc.
  • Summing up the teaching tasks means asks the questions from the learners, verbally or in written form.
  • Determining the exact dimensions of behavior changes is the first operation the teacher compares the actual behavioral changes in students with their expected behavioral changes.
  • Selection of testing devices and techniques is the second operation wherein the teacher has to select appropriate, testing devices which are valid and reliable.
  • Changing strategies of testing is the third activity which aims at improving the teaching and changing strategies of teaching student՚s testing result.

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